Difference Between Natural Fiber And Synthetic Fiber

Textile fibers are used for making various types of textile products. There are various types of textile fibers are found in the market. Some are natural and some are synthetic fiber. They have different physical and chemical properties and they are different in chemical composition.

Difference Between Natural Fiber And Synthetic Fiber: Difference between natural and synthetic fibers is given below.

Natural Fiber Synthetic Fiber
1.All of the natural fiber comes from nature. 1.Synthetic fibers are completely man made.
2.Length of the fiber is nature given. 2.Length of the fiber is controlled by man.
3.Fibers are found in staple or filament form. 3.It is found in filament form but sometimes it could be converted into staple or cut length.
4.Some short staple fibers are found with long staple fiber. 4.No question about short or long staple fiber. It depends on man will.
5.No need to spinneret for spinning process. 5.Spinneret is essential for filament production.
6.No spinning process is needed for filament production. 6.Melt, Wet or Dry spinning process is needed for filament production.
7.No need of chemical solution for yarn production. 7.Chemical solution is essential for yarn production.
8.Natural fabric is comfortable to wear. 8.Synthetic textile product is not as comfortable as natural product.
9.Dust and impurities could be in natural fiber. 9.No dust or impuritites contain in synthetic fiber.
10.It is not possible to change in fiber structure. 10.It is easy to change in fiber structure.
11.It grows with its natural color. 11.Colors are added in the solution bath as required.
12.It contains natural crimp. 12.Crimp is applied on filament after passing spinneret
13.Most of the fibers are hydrophilic in nature. 13.Most of the times, they are hydrophobic.
14.It needs to scouring and bleaching process before wet processing. 14.Scouring and bleaching is done in very few cases.
15.It is easy to dye the fiber. 15.Coloration is not so easy as natural fiber.
16.Most of the cases it becomes ash after burning. 16.It becomes melt in burning.
17.After burning, the smell of the fiber is found as hair burn or paper burn. 17.After burning,chemical smell is found.
18.Comperatively, the price of natural fiber is higher than synthetic fiber. 18.Synthetic fiber is less in value than natural fiber.
19.Natural fiber is called enviroment friendly. 19.Syntheic fibers are not environment friendly. Some fibers are harmful for the environment like: Polypropylene.
20.Natural fiber has a great demand as humans wear. 20.Synthetic fiber is widely used in every day life except humans wear.
21.Comperatively less durable than synthetic fiber. 21.Synthetic fibers are more durable than natural fiber.
22.The use of natural fibers are limited than synthetic fiber. 22.Synthetic fibers are used in multi task than natural fiber.

So, compare between natural and synthetic fiber. Decide which is best for your use. I think this will help you to gather all about natural and man’made fiber characteristics.

21 thoughts on “Difference Between Natural Fiber And Synthetic Fiber

  1. Why do you think polypropylene yarn is harmful for the environment?

    1. It is mass dyed (no water is polluted during its production as compared with thousands of liters when producing one kilogram of cotton, the colours are permanently anchored in polypropylene yarn and do not subside into your skin)
    2. You dont use any pesticides to produce polypropylene yarn
    3. Polypropylene yarn is 100% recyclable
    4. To produce polypropylene yarn and to produce textiles from polypropylene yarn you need lower temperatures, so less energy

    Just on the contrary, polypropylene yarn is an environmentally friendly yarn.


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