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Sewing thread is the main element in making apparel. After cutting the fabrics, different cut parts are joined by sewing. Sewing threads may be made of natural, man-made, or combined fibers. Sewing thread is manufactured by the combination of short fibers or by continuous filament yarn. Twisting is done to form a sewing thread. Various types of sewing thread are used for sewing; all of them have their own characteristics, which are important to know.
Types of Sewing Thread
The following are the classifications of sewing thread. They are-
- Sewing thread classified on the basis of fiber types: Cotton, Polyester, Nylon, etc.
- On the basis of thread construction: 2ply, 3ply, Core spun thread
- On the basis of the finish applied
Properties Of Core Spun, Cotton And Polyester Sewing Thread
The following are the properties of core-spun, cotton, and polyester sewing thread. They are-
Properties of the Core Spun Thread
In more than 95% of cases, 100% spun polyester sewing thread is used in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and other countries. The following are the properties of core-spun thread: They are-
- Firstly, a strong thread with excellent sewability
- Secondly, thread has a filament of polyester or nylon as a core, and cotton is wrapped around it.
- Thirdly, cost more than a regular thread.
- Lastly, have good durability as well.
Properties of Cotton Sewing Thread
The following are the properties of cotton sewing thread. They are-
- Firstly, cotton sewing thread is made from cotton fibers.
- Secondly, have excellent sewability because fibers are not seriously affected by the heat generated by needles during sewing.
- Thirdly, cotton threads are not highly durable and have a tendency to shrink when apparel is washed.
- Lastly, mercerized cotton threads sew well and have lustures appearance but shrink slightly when wetted.
Properties of Polyester Sewing Thread
The following are the properties of polyester sewing thread. They are-
- Firstly, polyester sewing thread is made from polyester filaments or fibers.
- Secondly, threads are highly durable and are hot affected in washing or dry-cleaning.
- Thirdly, they have excellent dimensional stability.
- Also have a high level of resistance to abrasion.
Sewing Thread Classification On the Basis of Finish Applied:
The following are the classification of sewing thread on the basis of finish applied. They are-
Lubricants are commonly used 3% to 15% on the basis of weight.
Special finishes are:
- Water repellent finish
- Flame proof finish
- Anti-Bacterial finish
Among all of the sewing threads, core-spun is widely used in the apparel manufacturing process. Before sewing, one should ensure the sewability and durability of sewing thread.