Rapier Loom || Working Procedure Of Rapier Loom || Advantages Of A Rapier Loom

Rapier Loom

In weaving, different types of looms are used for producing fabric from the weaver’s beam. The rapier loom is a popular shuttleless loom for producing different types of designed fabric. In most of the denim industry, rapier looms are used hugely. The rapier loom carries the filling yarn through the shade of warp yarns to the other side of the loom by finger-like carriers called rapier. A stationary package of yarn is used to supply the weft yarn in the rapier loom.

Features of Rapier Loom:

The following are some key features of the rapier loom. They are-

  • Firstly, production cost higher in rapier loom.
  • Secondly, this loom machine consumes moderate power.
  • Thirdly, rapier machine is suitable for weft patterning.
  • However, fancy fabric is produced by using rapier loom in weaving sector.
  • Standard rapier width stands at 190 cm in case of rapier loom,.
  • Finally, rapier loom has a simple weaving woking mechanism.

Working Procedure Of Rapier Loom:

There are two types of rapier loom. One types of rapier loom consist of a rapier on one end. A rapier is a rod or steel tape which carries the weft yarn. On the other end, the rapier is connected to the control system. The rapier moves through the warp yarn by carrying weft yarn from one end to the other. The rapier is then retracted, leaving the new filling in the place.

Other types of rapiers are also available, in which the rapier carries the weft yarn to the center and the other rapier from the opposite side carries the weft yarn from the center. There are two types of rapier loom. One is flexible and the other is the rigid rapier loom. The rigid loom takes more space than the rigid loom. A flexible rapier can be coiled, if it is too flexible then it will buckle. The double rapier is used more frequently than the single rapier. Rapier machines can be operated at speeds up to 1300 meters of weft per minute. This type of rapier is efficient. The noise level is high because it speeds about 200 to 260 ppm.

Advantages of a Rapier Loom:

  • Rapier loom is a shuttle less power loom.
  • It weaves more rapidly than other types of shuttle loom.
  • On the other hand, weaving efficiency of rapier loom is less than projectile machine.
  • An important advantage of rapier loom is that, it can be flexible which perm it’s the laying of picks of different colors.
  • It is noticeable that, it can weave fabric up to 110 inches in width without any modifications.
Disadvantages of Rapier Loom:

The following are the disadvantages of the rapier loom. They are –

  • In the first place, noise level of rapier loom is higher than jet loom machine.
  • In the second place, production speed of rapier is less than jet loom.

I think that all of the above information will be helpful for the manufacturers as well as learners.

In sum, the above is all about the working procedure of the rapier loom, advantages, and disadvantages of the rapier loom.

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