Dyeing & Printing || Differences Between Dyeing And Printing

Dyeing and printing are the two major wet processing techniques for coloration of fabric. In the dyeing process; only one color is produced but in the printing process; various types of colored design are produced on the fabric surface. Dyeing is done on grey fabric but printing could be done on both pre-treated fabric and colored fabric.

Difference Between Dyeing And Printing: There is a lot of difference between dyeing and printing process. Here, I have mentioned some major difference between dyeing and printing.

Dyeing Printing
1. By the dyeing process, dyes are applied on the whole fabric equally. 1. By the printing process, dyes are applied on the fabric localizedly to produce desired design.
2. Fabric, yarn and fibers are dyed by dyeing. 2. Generally printing is done on fabric.
3. In a dyeing process, dyes are applied on the both sides of the fabric. 3. Dyes are applied on olnly one side of the fabric.
4. No precise design is required for dyeing. 4. Design is must for printing.
5. In a dyeing process, only one dye is used. 5. In a printing process, one or more dye is used.
6. Precise temperature is required for dyeing. 6. In printing, it is not necessary to maintain precise temperature.
7. Thickener is not required for dyeing. 7. Thickener is must for printing paste preparation.
8. The density of dye solution is less than the density of printing paste. 8. In printing, the density of printing paste is higher than dye solution density.
9. Huge amount of water is required for dyeing. 9. Small amount of water is required for printing.
10. Steaming or curing is not necessary for dyeing. 10. Steaming or curing is must for printing to fix the dyes or pigments on the surface of the fabric.
11. Dyeing is comparatively cheaper than printing. 11. Printing is costly than dyeing.
12. Dyed fabrics are soft. 12. Printed fabrics are hard and harsh.

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