Hand Stitch: Types, Features, And Their Uses

Hand Stitch

Stitching is done for attaching objects to the fabric or joining various fabric parts through the sewing machine. Stitching is done with the help of sewing threads and needles. In this stitching process, other sewing components also help with proper stitching.

Hand stitching is generally done by hand, but in modern times, hand stitching is done by the hand stitching sewing machine. According to British Standard 3870 and ISO 4915:1991, hand stitch is classified as Class 200.

Types of Hand Stitch

The following are the types of hand stitches and their uses in garment manufacturing: They are-

  1. Straight or Running Stitch
  2. Basting or Tacking Stitch
  3. Backstitch
  4. Catch stitch or Cross Stitch
  5. Slip Stitch or Blind Stitch
  6. Blanket Stitch or Buttonhole Stitch
  7. Fell Stitch
  8. Overcast Stitch
  9. Whip Stitch

Straight or Running Stitch

Straight or running stitch is mainly used for gathering, mending, and tucking.

Basting or Tacking Stitch

It is one of the most important types of hand stitch. It is mainly used for tacking and holding seams. Additionally, It can be used as a temporary stitch.


Backstitch is mainly used for outline shapes for embroidery designs and to attach fabrics.

Catch stitch or Cross Stitch

Catch stitch, or cross stitch, is used for hem sewing and is also used for seam allowance and lining apparel.

Slip Stitch or Blind Stitch

It is used to join two pieces with stitch thread that is invisible. It is also used for hems.

Blanket Stitch or Buttonhole Stitch

It is used for enclosing the raw edges of heavy fabrics. It is a decorative stitch type.

Fell Stitch

It is an applique-seam type. It is used for stitching lace. This stitch is used to make millinery and clothing. It attaches hatbands to hats and hat bodies to brims.

Overcast Stitch

Overcast stitch is used to enclose the raw edges of the fabric.

Whip Stitch

Whipstitch has a variety of uses in apparel manufacturing, such as applique making, quilting, making jeans garments, hemming the sides of carpets, and closing the sides of pillows and cushions.

Hand Stitch
Hand Stitch Types

Features of Hand Stitch

The following are the features of hand stitches: They are-

  • Firstly, hand stitch is passed completely from one side to the other.
  • Secondly, hand stitches were originally made by hand but can now be formed by a sewing machine.
  • Lastly, the appearance of the face and back are the same.

Uses of Hand Stitch in Garment Manufacturing

Hand stitch is popular with the common people who like to sew different parts of fabric, none commercially. In the villages of many countries, people used needles and threads for sewing. Anyhow, the following are the uses of hand stitch:

  • In the first place, hand stitch is used for decorative purposes.
  • It is specially used in collar, pocket, front plackets, shoulders, etc.

In apparel manufacturing, hand stitch is not as common as chain stitch. But hand stitch has a demand to the common people.

Related Articles

Leave the first comment


error: Content is protected !!