Technical textile is the application of modern technology to modify the conventional textile products. Technical textile should have sufficient quality standard which is required for specific product. Technical textile can be used in many ways. They can be used individually to satisfy specific functions such that coated fabrics as awnings, airbags and carpets, fire proof fabrics for fireman.
Hi-tech textile or industrial textiles also could be used as the part of other parts such that tire cord fabrics in tines, interlinings in shirt collars, webbing in seat belts. It also uses as accessories in processing industries to manufactures other product like filter fabrics in food industry.
Advantages of Technical Textile Products Uses: Technical textile is gaining popularity among the peoples for its multi-dimensional advantages. It is the consumer driven product and it has a great demand in the market. The advantages of technical textile are given below. They are –
- Functional requirement
- Cost effectiveness
- Health and safety
- Light weight
- High strength
- User friendly
- Mass customization
- Logistical convenience
Above properties of technical textiles also show the comparison between conventional and technical textile. Generally the price of technical textile product is higher than conventional textile but the demand which is satisfied by technical textile that is not possible by conventional textile.
If we think deeply about the above points than we will get a clear concept about technical textile. So, try to make technical textile products.
In spinning process; winding are the last steps. After winding yarn packages are used for making woven or knitted fabrics. Winding process can be defined as the transfer of spinning yarn from one package to another large package (cone, spool, pirn etc). On the other hand it can be defined as the transfer of yarn from ring bobbin, hanks etc into a convenient form of package containing considerable long length of yarn. A process of accumulating yarn on a package to facilitate the next process is called as winding.
Objectives of winding: Winding process has some objectives which are given as below:
- To transfer yarn from spinning bobbin package to a convenient yarn package.
- To improve the quality of yarn.
- To get suitable yarn package.
- To get a quality fabric.
- To get good warp yarn.
- To empty the spinner’s bobbin so that it can be used again.
- To remove dust and clean the yarn.
- To reduce labor cost.
- To store the yarn.
- To improve the efficiency of yarn for next process.
Requirements of winding: Winding process should be accurate for accelarate the next fabric manufacturing process. Winding process should fulfill the following requirements.
- Winding process should be easy.
- Characteristics of the yarn should not be changed.
- Winding faults should be minimize.
- Yarn package size and shape should be suitable.
- Winding process should be economical.
- Yarn package should be cheap in cost.
- Avoid excess looseness or tightness.
- Exact package hardness.
- In winding, yarn knots should be small in size and amount of knots should be minimum.
So, that’s all about winding process and objectives and requirements of winding.
In fabric manufacturing technology, three types of fabrics are produced they are woven, knitted and non-woven fabric. We know that; weaving is done for producing woven fabric. Before weaving various types of tasks are done. After spinning process; yarns are divided into two forms one is warp yarn another is weft yarn. Warp yarns are produced by roll winding and weft yarns are produced by cop winding.
Process flow chart of weaving technology: I like to divide this process into two parts one is weavers beam preparation another is weft yarn preparation. Weaving is done by the interlacement of these two types of yarn. Process flow chart of weaving technology is given below:
Spinning bobbin for winding
Roll winding for spool production
Warp yarn preparation
Cone winding or pre-winding
Drafting in or Drawing in
Weaving (Interlacement of warp and weft yarn)
Above weaving flow chart is mostly used for cotton and jute fabric. Although these techniques vary depending on the machine which is used for producing fabric but basic concept is same.