Spinning is the first step of textile product processing. In fact, the process of making yarns from the textile fiber stands for spinning. Accordingly, there are various types of spinning methods for producing different types of yarn. Besides, if we notice, we will see that the cotton fibers convert into carded yarn, combed yarn, and rotor yarn continuously through the spinning process. Consequently, for producing these three types of cotton yarn, spinning methods are also different.
In textiles, the spinning process refers to drawing out fibers from a mass and twisting them together to produce yarn or continuous thread consequently. In the man-made fiber manufacturing process, the name is also applied to the extrusion of a solution to produce fiber, this process is similar to the method by which silkworms and similar insect larvae forms filament to make their cocoons from a viscous fluid. ring spinning, open-end (rotor) spinning, and air-jet spinning are common industrial spinning techniques for yarn production.
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Types of Spinning Process:
The spinning process is varying depending on the fiber types which we want to process. There are different methods of spinning for yarn preparation. Such as-
For Staple Yarn:
Different spinning processes apply for Staple yarn production. When short and long staple fiber or other material uses for the spinning process. The following are the most common spinning process for staple yarn production. They are-
- Ring Spinning
- Rotor Spinning
- Friction Spinning
- Self Twist Spinning
- Electro-Static Spinning
- Vortex Spinning
- Air Jet Spinning
- Twist Less Spinning
From the Reference Module in Biomedical Science, 2021 in spinning methods, a polymer solution or melt is extruded through a spinneret by the action of an external force, forming jets of stretched fibers that solidify by either drying or solidification. The following is the spinning process for filament yarn production. They are-
- Wet Spinning
- Dry Spinning
- Melt Spinning
- Bi-Component Spinning
- Film Splitting Reaction Spinning
For Integrated Multi-Component Yarns:
The following are the integrated multi-component yarn spinning process. They are-
- Integrated Composite Spinning
- Cover Spun
- Selfil Yarn Spinning
- Acro dynamic Spinning
Until now, by the spinning process, various counted yarns are produced. When different spinning frames are set for producing specific counted yarn. In spinning mills, it is essential to ensure a safe workplace for the worker and employees thus compliance is a must. Although, the manufacturer can apply 5S, TQM, Kaizen, and TPM for continuous improvement of the industry.
So, one should know the spinning process and types of spinning for practical use.