Synthetic Fiber | Physical And Chemical Properties Of Acrylic

Acrylic fiber is one of the most used fibers to make textile wear. It is generally used for produce suitable sweater because it is like wool. But the product which is produced by acrylic that is not as comfortable as the natural wool wear.

Acrylic fibers are blend with polyester, cotton and others and it used to produce knitted goods, sweater and blanket. Also, it is used to make sportswear, pile fabrics, carpet and many more.

Physical Properties of Acrylic: Acrylic fiber has some physical properties. Here, I have given some physical properties of acrylic.

  1. Tenacity:  2 – 4.2 gm/den
  2. Density:  1.16 gm/c.c
  3. Elongation at break: 20 to 55%
  4. Elasticity: Good
  5. Moisture Regain (MR%): 1 – 2.5%
  6. Resiliency: Good
  7. Melting point: 2300C
  8. Ability to protest friction: Good
  9. Color: White or grey white
  10. Light reflection ability: Good
  11. Ability to protest heat: It can protest up to 1500C temperature.
  12. Lusture: Bright to light

Chemical Properties of Acrylic: Chemical properties of acrylic fibers are given below.

  1. Acids: Acrylic has enough ability against acidic action.
  2. Basic: Strong alkali damages the fiber.
  3. Effect of bleaching: It is safe to bleach acrylic fiber.
  4. Organic solvent: Organic solvents do not cause harm to the acrylic fiber.
  5. Protection ability against mildew: Excellent
  6. Protection ability against insects: Insect does not affect acrylic fiber.
  7. Dyes: Acid dyes and Basic dyes are suitable to dye acrylic fiber.

Acrylic fibers are widely used in textile industry. So, we have to know lots of about acrylic fiber.

11 thoughts on “Synthetic Fiber | Physical And Chemical Properties Of Acrylic”

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