Physical And Chemical Properties Of Acrylic Fiber

Acrylic Fiber

Acrylic fiber is one of the most used fibers to make textiles. It is generally used to produce suitable sweaters because it is like wool. But the product, which is produced by acrylic, is not as comfortable as natural wool.

Acrylic fibers are blended with polyester, cotton, and others and are also used to produce knitted goods, sweaters, and blankets. Besides, it is used to make sportswear, pile fabrics, carpet, and many more.

Properties of Acrylic

Physical Properties of Acrylic

Acrylic fiber has some physical properties. The following are the physical properties of acrylic:. They are-

  1. Tenacity: 2–4.2 g/den
  2. Density:  1.16 g/c.c
  3. Elongation at break: 20 to 55%
  4. Elasticity: Good
  5. Moisture Regain (MR%): 1 – 2.5%
  6. Resiliency: Good
  7. Melting point: 2300C
  8. Ability to protest friction: Good
  9. Color: White or grey white
  10. Light reflection ability: Good
  11. Ability to protest heat: It can protest up to 150 °C.
  12. Luster: Bright to light

Chemical Properties of Acrylic

The following are the chemical properties of acrylic fibers. They are-

  1. Acids: Acrylic has enough ability against acidic action.
  2. Basic: Strong alkali damages the fiber.
  3. Effect of bleaching: It is safe to bleach acrylic fiber.
  4. Organic solvent: Organic solvents do not cause harm to the acrylic fiber.
  5. Protection ability against mildew: Excellent
  6. Protection ability against insects: Insect does not affect acrylic fiber.
  7. Dyes: Acid dyes and Basic dyes are suitable to dye acrylic fiber.

In sum, acrylic fibers are widely used in the textile industry. So, we have to know a lot about acrylic fiber.

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