Garment fabric cutting is an important part of the apparel manufacturing process. When completely manual, semi-manual, and computerized methods involve in cutting operations. Firstly, the fabric is spread inlay form for cutting operation. This fabric cutting also involves the garment manufacturing process. It needs to take extra care during cutting operations because incorrect cutting can make various garment faults. After fabric cutting, sorting or bundling is also performed for sewing the fabric parts to make a complete garment. Different apparel accessories are also attached to the sewing section.
Methods of Cutting:
There are three methods for fabric cutting. The following are the methods of fabric cutting. They are-
- Completely manual method: Firstly, this type of fabric cutting is not available in garments industry. But this type of cutting perform for tailoring purpose, where single fabrics are cut. In fact, it is completely a manual method of fabric cutting. It also needs more time for cutting.
- Manually operated powered knife method: Secondly, in this method cutting operation is done by using knife. When knife place in the head of the cutting machine. Moreover, it is the most used methods in apparel industry for cutting fabrics.
- Computerized methods: Lastly, in modern age, the use of computerized methods become popular for perform the cutting operation. Here, all programs loads to the computer and it also performs all the activities accordingly.
Process Flow Chart of Fabric Cutting Section in Garments Industry
There are some activities for fabric cutting in the garment industry. The following is the process flow chart of fabric cutting in the apparel industry. They are-
Marker placing at the top
Numbering and checking
Input to the sewing section
The fabric cutting section is very important for the next sewing section. When cutting fabrics parts sort according to the size of the fabric. After sorting, numbering is done at the same time and checking is performed 100% to avoid any types of mistakes.
We know that dyed fabrics vary from one lot to another although dyeing performs in the same dyes. Also, shade can be varying from layer to layer. So, during numbering extra care should take in fact numbering is essential for avoiding the shade variation of the fabric. After that parts are separated and made into a bundle for sending to the sewing section.
So, the cutting section in charge has a great duty to do all of this according to the sequence, illustrated above.