What Is Textile Fiber? || Classifications Of Textile Fiber

Textile Fiber

In the textile arena, textile fiber is the equally important raw material to produce various types of textile finished products. A fiber that can be spun into yarn or processed into textile such as a woven fabric, knit fabric, lace, felt, non-woven, etc by means of an appropriate interlacing method is called a textile fiber.

A textile fiber should have at least 5 mm in length then it will be spin-able and it must be supple, flexible, and strong enough. Other properties such as elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, luster, and crimp should have a textile fiber more or less.

Classification of Textile Fiber:

There are various types of fiber in the market but all do have not the same characteristics. Besides, the characteristics of the fiber differ depending on the source from which it produces. Generally, textile fibers are classified into main two types they are-Natural fiber And Synthetic fiber or manmade fiber, or artificial fiber. Now I like to illustrate the classification of textile fiber below.

Natural Fiber:

Therefore, natural fiber is that which produce naturally. When the source of origin could be a vegetable, animal, or mineral.

Vegetable Origin:

  1. Bast Fibers: Jute, Flax, Ramie, Hemp
  2. Leaf Fibers: Sisal, Abaca (Manila Hemp)
  3. Seed and Fruits Fibers: cotton, coir

Animal Origin:

  1. Wool and Hair Fiber
  2. Silk and other Filaments
  3. Alpaca
  4. Angora
  5. Camel Hair
  6. Cashmere Fiber
  7. Vicuna
  8. Mohair Fiber

Mineral Origin: Asbestos

Synthetic Fibers/Manmade Fibers/Artificial Fibers:

Synthetic fibers are basically formed by the polymerization of various monomers. When a man makes this type of fiber so it defines as man-made fiber or synthetic fiber. The following are the classification of synthetic fibers. They are-

Natural Polymer Based:

  1. Cellulosic Based: Rayon, Bambo, Acetate, Triacetate, Lyocell (Tencel)
  2. Protein Based: Azion, Soy silk
  3. Aliginate Rubber
  4. Starch: Polylactic Acid (PLA)

Synthetic Polymer Based:

Different synthetic polymer-based synthetic fibers such as polyamide, Polyvinyl Derivatives: PVA, PTFE, Polyvinylidene dinitrate, Polystyrene, Polyolefines, Polyurethanes: Elastomer, etc. The following are the common synthetic polymer-based synthetic fiber. They are-

  1. Aramid
  2. Acrylic
  3. Anidex
  4. Fluorocarbon
  5. Lastrile
  6. Modacrylic
  7. Nylon 6
  8. Nylon 6.6
  9. Nytril
  10. Olefin
  11. PVI
  12. Polyester
  13. Saran
  14. Spandex
  15. Sulfar
  16. Vinal
  17. Vinyon
  18. Miscellaneous

Refractory: Metal, Glass

Basically, textile fibers are two types one is a natural fiber and another is synthetic fiber or manmade fiber, or artificial fiber. However, sometimes it can be classified based on source, polymer, botanical, zoological, chemical name, utility, fibers thermoplasticity as well as their ability to moisture absorbency. Depending on that, textile fiber can be also classified as follows. They are-

  • Fiber sources: Natural or Man made Fiber.
  • Polymer source: Natural or synthetic and organic or inorganic.
  • Name formation: Vegetable fibers, Zoological name: Animal fibers, Chemical name: Man made fiber.
  • Utility of fibers: Major textile fibers, Minor textile fibers.
  • Thermoplasticity of fibers: Thermoplastic fiber, Non-thermoplastic fiber.
  • Ability to moisture absorbency: Hydrophilic fibers, hydrophobic fibers.

In sum, different methods apply to process textile fibers. When all textile fibers contain their own characteristics. Identically, we can identify the fiber type by different testing procedures. Also, we should know the physical and chemical properties of different fibers.

Above all, natural and synthetic fibers have lots of differences that assist to identify them.

33 thoughts on “What Is Textile Fiber? || Classifications Of Textile Fiber”

Leave a Comment

*

error: Content is protected !!
%d bloggers like this: