Textile Fiber | Difference Between Natural Fiber And Synthetic Fiber

Textile Fiber

Textile fibers are essential for making various types of textile products. Basically, a fiber that can be spun into yarn or processed into various textile materials for daily uses is simply referred to as a textile fiber. There are various types of textile fibers in the market. while some are natural such as cotton, jute, silk, flax, wool, hemp on the other hand some are synthetic fibers such as polyester, nylon 6, nylon 6.6, acrylic, viscose rayon, spandex, etc. They have different physical and chemical properties indeed they are different in chemical composition.

Difference Between Natural Fiber And Synthetic Fiber:

There are lots of differences between natural and synthetic fibers. The following are the differences between natural and synthetic fibers. They are-

Natural FiberSynthetic Fiber
1. All of the natural fiber comes from nature.1. Synthetic fibers are completely man-made.
2. Length of the fiber is nature given.2. Length of the fiber is controlled by man.
3. Fibers are found in staple or filament form.3. It is found in filament form but sometimes it could be converted into staple or cut length.
4. Some short-staple fibers are found with long-staple fibers.4. No question about short or long-staple fiber. It depends on man’s will.
5. No need to spinneret for the spinning process.5. Spinneret is essential for filament production.
6. No spinning process is needed for filament production.6. Melt, Wet or Dry spinning process is needed for filament production.
7. No need for chemical solutions for yarn production.7. Chemical solution is essential for yarn production.
8. Natural fabric is comfortable to wear.8. Synthetic textile product is not as comfortable as a natural product.
9. Dust and impurities could be in natural fiber.9. No dust or impurities contained in synthetic fiber.
10. It is not possible to change fiber structure.10. It is easy to change fiber structure.
11. It grows with its natural color.11. Colors are added to the solution bath as required.
12. It contains natural crimp.12. Crimp is applied on filament after passing spinneret
13. Most of the fibers are hydrophilic in nature.13. Most of the time, they are hydrophobic.
14. It needs to scour and bleaching process before wet processing.14. Scouring and bleaching are done in very few cases.
15. It is easy to dye the fiber.15. Coloration is not so easy as natural fiber.
16. In Most cases it becomes ash after burning.16. It becomes melt in burning.
17. After burning, the smell of the fiber is found as hair burn or paper burn.17. After burning, a chemical smell is found.
18. Comparatively, the price of natural fiber is higher than synthetic fiber.18. Synthetic fiber is less in value than natural fiber.
19. Natural fiber is called environment friendly.19. Synthetic fibers are not environment friendly. Some fibers are harmful to the environment like Polypropylene.
20. Natural fiber has a great demand as humans wear.20. Synthetic fiber is widely used in everyday life except for humans wear.
21. Comparatively less durable than synthetic fiber.21. Synthetic fibers are more durable than natural fibers.
22. The use of natural fibers is limited to synthetic fiber.22. Synthetic fibers are used in multi-task than natural fiber.

So, compare natural and synthetic fiber and take a decision on which is best for your use. I think this will help you to gather all about natural and man-made fiber characteristics.

39 thoughts on “Textile Fiber | Difference Between Natural Fiber And Synthetic Fiber”

  1. Why do you think polypropylene yarn is harmful for the environment?

    1. It is mass dyed (no water is polluted during its production as compared with thousands of liters when producing one kilogram of cotton, the colours are permanently anchored in polypropylene yarn and do not subside into your skin)
    2. You dont use any pesticides to produce polypropylene yarn
    3. Polypropylene yarn is 100% recyclable
    4. To produce polypropylene yarn and to produce textiles from polypropylene yarn you need lower temperatures, so less energy

    Just on the contrary, polypropylene yarn is an environmentally friendly yarn.


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