What is Pigments? || Difference Between Dyes and Pigments


Pigments are a special type of dyeing or printing material for wet processing technology. It is not an easy task to print or dye material with pigments because the pigment is 100% water-insoluble. So it needs to use special techniques for pigment dyeing or printing. Generally, pigment is used for printing.

Pigments can be defined as a water-insoluble coloring material mostly of mineral origin that has been used for the coloration of metal, wood, stone, and textile materials. Pigments have different types of chemical characteristics. Some examples of pigments are as follows:

  1. Dioxazine
  2. Fluorubine
  3. Isoindoline
  4. Perylene perinone
  5. Pyrocoline
  6. Quinacridone
  7. ETC

Difference Between Dyes and Pigments

Dyes and pigments are the main coloring materials. So we have to know about the differences between dyes and pigments, which will give us a clear idea about these two. The following are the differences between dyes and pigments: They are-

Generally, organic materials are dyed or printed.Organic and inorganic: both types are dyed or printed.
It is water-solubleIt is completely water-insoluble
It contains auxochrome in their chemical structureNo auxo chrome contains in pigments
Colorfastness is generally average to excellentColorfastness is average to good
Its application method is very easyNeed binder for application
It is generally used for dyeingGenerally used for printing
Dyes are more expensive than pigmentsPigments are generally cheaper than dyes
Dyes have an attraction to fibersThey have no attraction to fibers
It applies selectively to textile materialsAll fibers can be color

In sum, pigment is used to dye cotton fabric besides printing in modern times. Different types of pigment are supplied by different well-known dyes and pigment manufacturing companies.

7 thoughts on “What is Pigments? || Difference Between Dyes and Pigments”

  1. Can you please describe me the basic characteristics of Pigments used in textile printing and especially its behaviour related to Perspiration and Saliva fastness properties?
    Is Perspiration & Saliva fastness is builtin properties of pigments?

  2. The topic was adequately addressed but not thoroughly. This article is in desperate need of editing. Several sentences make no sense. All-in-all I was not very impressed.


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