Woven Fabric Structure
The woven cloth structure is defined as the order of interlacement of warp and weft threads at right angles according to the type of weave or design that is desired. Similarly, the structure for knit fabrics is defined as the interloping system of yarns. Basically, there are different types of fabrics available in the market and all of them do have not the same structure.
Types of Fabric Structure
The following are the types of fabric structures. They re-
- Woven Fabric Structure
- Knit Fabric Structure
Classification of Woven Fabric Structure
There are two types of the woven fabric structure. They are-
- Simple Structures
- Compound Structures
Features of Simple Structure
The following are the features of simple fabric structures. They are-
- Firstly, to construct a simple fabric structure, only one series of warp (end) and one series of weft (pick) threads are used.
- Secondly, in this construction, the warp and weft threads are interlaced with one another at the right angle.
- After that, the properties of the fabrics are equally determined by all the neighboring warp and weft threads that are parallel to one another.
- Lastly, an example of a simple fabric structure is Plain, Twill, and Satin fabric.
Features of Compound Structure
The following are the features of compound fabric structures. They are-
- Firstly, to construct a compound fabric structure, more than one series of warp and weft threads are used.
- Secondly, in this construction, the body or ground is formed by some of the threads, and the other forms the figuring or ornamentation.
- After that, it does not need to be parallel to one another of the neighboring threads.
- Lastly, an example of compound cloth is Pile, Towel fabric.
Woven Cloth Structure: Fundamental Factors
The woven cloth structure is varied on various fundamental factors. The following are some fundamental factors that greatly affect the structure of the woven fabric. They are as follows:
The appearance of the woven fabric greatly depends on the yarn types which are used for producing that cloth. We know, yarns are natural and synthetic this two types. The fabric could be weaved by single types of yarn or by a combination of these two types of yarn. This is the producer’s choice. A producer always looks at the demand of the market and he tries to fulfill that demand by manufacturing that product. So, the same structured cloth’s appearance could vary on the yarn types.
Count Of Yarn:
The count of yarn shows the fineness of the yarn. The count of yarn has a great impact on the fabric structure. Before production, the count of the yarns is determined by the designer. The woven cloth structure varies on the count of the relative thickness of the yarn used as warp or weft. Generally, warp count is less than weft count. So, the selection of warp and weft count affects the woven fabric structure.
The number Of Ends and Picks:
The woven cloth structure is varied on the relative setting of the number of ends and picks, which are placed side by side in a given width and the length of the cloth. It is determined that EPI and PPI affect the weight of the fabric, as well as comfortness, which are also effects by the number of ends and picks.
The variation of woven fabric structure also depends on the order of interlacement of ends and picks. We know that plain, twill, or satin design is not the same and the interlacement depends on the design of the fabric.
The appearance of the woven fabric greatly depends on the finishing operation. Various types of finishing effects are done on the woven fabric. By finishing, modifications are done to the fabric. Some fabrics become smooth, some are hard in feel, some are waterproof, some are fireproof, some are lighter in weight or heavy, and many more effect is done by finishing. Various types of finishing machines are used for doing this job.
So, there are lots of fundamental factors behind the variation of the woven fabric structure.