Weave structures are the design by which fabric is produced. The yarns are used in various ways to produce different weave effects. Different simple and complex fabric design is produced by the weave structures. The loom is set according to the fabric structure. Specific loom is used for producing special types of design. We can say jacquard and dobby which two are used for making special designs on the fabric.
Basic Weave Structures for Fabric Manufacturing:
There are three basic weave structures for fabric manufacturing. They are:
- Plain Weave
- Twill Weave
- Satin Weave or Sateen Weave
On the other hand, there are lots of derivatives of the above basic weave. Followings are the most important weave structures.
- Cut Pile
- Uncut Pile
- Basket Weave
- Rib Weave
- Herringbone Weave
- Oxford Weave
- Double Knit
Now, I like to give a short idea about the above weave design.
Plain weave is produced when each weft yarn passes over and under each warp yarn with each row alternatives. It is the simplest form of weave structure.
Twill weave is similar to plain weave, in this the warp yarn skip at regular predetermined intervals creating a diagonal rib in the fabric surface. This weave is more flexible than plain weave.
Satin weave is so-called when the fabric is manufactured by filament yarn like silk or nylon. The flexible fabric is produced by this weave structure. On the other hand, fabric design is produced by short-staple yarns like cotton which is called sateen weave. In satin structure, the face of the fabric consists only of the warp on the weft threads giving the fabric a smooth and lustrous surface.
Cut pile is specially used for a carpet fabric where the face of the fabric is composed of cut ends of pile yarn.
An uncut pile is a pile of carpet consisting of loops.
Leno weaves, in this, the warp yarns are arranged in pairs. One yarn is twisted the other between picks of the filling yarn.
Jacquard weave is used for producing complex patterns on the fabric. The jacquard loom is used for creating a jacquard weave.
Dobby weave is a decorative weave, which is characterized by small designs or geometric figures being woven in the fabric structure.
The basketweave is one of the variations of plain weave where the fabric has loose constructions and a flat look. It is strong and more flexible than a basic plain weave.
A rib weave is a basic weave in which a rib cord is produced on the fabric. The abrasion and tearing strength of the rib weave is high.
If you want to produce a fine, soft, and lightweight fabric then you have to consider oxford weave which is a modification of plain weave. It is generally used for apparel.
A double knit is a knit fabric that is produced in a circular knitting machine. Double knit fabric has loops on both sides.
So, there is a lot of weave designs. Weave design is one of the arts in textile manufacturing. So, try to create a new design.
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