Basic Weave Structures For Fabric Manufacturing

Weave Structures

Weave structures are the means by which fabric is produced. The yarns are used in various ways to produce different weave effects. Different simple and complex fabric design are produced by the weave structures. The loom is set according to the fabric structure. Specific loom are used for producing special types of design. We can say jacquard and dobby, which are used for making special designs on the fabric.

Basic Weave Structures for Fabric Manufacturing

There are three basic weave structures for fabric manufacturing. They are:

  1. Plain Weave
  2. Twill Weave
  3. Satin Weave or Sateen Weave

On the other hand, there are lots of derivatives of the above basic weave. Followings are the most important weave structures.

  • Cut Pile
  • Uncut Pile
  • Leno
  • Jacquard
  • Dobby
  • Basket Weave
  • Rib Weave
  • Herringbone Weave
  • Oxford Weave
  • Double Knit

Now, I like to give a short idea about the above weave design.

Plain Weave

Plain weave is produced when each weft yarn passes over and under each warp yarn with each row alternatives. It is the simplest form of weave structure.

Twill Weave

Twill weave is similar to plain weave, in this the warp yarn skip at regular predetermined intervals creating a diagonal rib in the fabric surface. This weave is more flexible than plain weave.

Satin Weave

Satin weave is so-called when the fabric is manufactured from filament yarn like silk or nylon. The flexible fabric is produced by this weave structure. On the other hand, fabric design is produced by short-staple yarns like cotton, which is called sateen weave. In a satin structure, the face of the fabric consists only of the warp on the weft threads, giving the fabric a smooth and lustrous surface.

Cut Pile

Cut pile is specially used for a carpet fabric where the face of the fabric is composed of cut ends of pile yarn.

Uncut Pile

An uncut pile is a pile of carpet consisting of loops.

Leno Weaves

Leno weaves; in this, the warp yarns are arranged in pairs. One yarn is twisted, the other between picks of the filling yarn.

Jacquard Weave

Jacquard weave is used for producing complex patterns on the fabric. The jacquard loom is used to create a jacquard weave.

Dobby Weave

Dobby weave is a decorative weave which is characterized by small designs or geometric figures being woven in the fabric structure.

Basket Weave

The basket weave is one of the variations of plain weave where the fabric has loose construction and a flat look. It is stronger and more flexible than a basic plain weave.

Rib Weave

A rib weave is a basic weave in which a rib cord is produced on the fabric. The abrasion and tearing strength of the rib weave are high.

Oxford Weave

If you want to produce a fine, soft, and lightweight fabric, then you have to consider oxford weave, which is a modification of plain weave. It is generally used for apparel.

Double Knit

A double knit is a knit fabric that is produced in a circular knitting machine. Double-knit fabric has loops on both sides.

So, there are a lot of weave designs. Weave design is one of the arts in textile manufacturing. So, try to create a new design.

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