Properties, And Uses Of Twill Weave

Twill Weave

Twill weave is the second major design after plain weave. A weave that repeats on three or more picks and produces diagonal lines on the face of the fabric is called a twill weave. Twill weave can also be defined as “the order of interlacing that causes diagonal lines of warp and weft floats to be formed on the cloth”. Twill weave has some derivatives by which various types of decorative woven fabric are produced.

Properties of Twill Weave

Twill weave has some features. The properties of twill weave are given below.

  • Diagonal ribs or cords are seen on the twill fabric.
  • These twill lines are produced by letting all warp ends interlace in the same way but displacing the interlacing points of each end and by one pick relative to that of the previous end.
  • On both sides of the fabric, twill lines are formed.
  • It takes a minimum of three ends and three picks relative to the previous one. The smallest repeat is 3 x 3.
  • The straight draft is commonly used for producing twill weaves.
  • It required three or more healed shafts to produce the design.
  • Diagonal lines can be formed right to left or left to right.
  • Due to the closed setting of the yarn, it produces greater weight than woven fabric.
  • Depending on the direction of twill lines on the face of the cloth, twills are classified as Z twill and S twill.

So, there are lots of characteristics of twill weave.

Twill Weave

Uses of Twill Weave

Twill weaves are one of the basic weave types, and they are widely used in fabric manufacturing for garments, household cloth, and industrial cloth. The following are the most common uses of twill weave and its derivatives: They are-

  • Firstly, different types of textile products such as pillows, covers, screens, bed sheets, towels, etc. are made from diamond, diaper, and zigzag twill.
  • Secondly, different types of shirting, suiting, and panting, like denim and gaberdine, are made from continuous twill.
  • Thirdly, cotton twill fabric is used to make chinos and khaki pants.
  • After that, different types of ornamental cloth are also made from other derivatives of twill weave.
  • Different work clothing is also made from twill weave.
  • It is also used to make sheets, bedding, and towels.
  • Lastly, the cloth of suits and overcoats is made from a bone twill weave.

I have written about the properties of plain weave. If you compare these two weaves, you will find the difference between the twill and plain weave.

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