Twill weave is the second major design after plain weave. A weave that repeats on three or more picks and produces diagonal lines on the face of the fabric is called Twill Weave. Twill weave also can be defined as “The order of interlacing which causes diagonal lines of warp and weft floats to be formed on the cloth”. Twill weave has some derivatives by which various types of decorative woven fabric are produced.
Properties of Twill Weave:
Twill weave has some features. Properties of twill weave are given below.
- Diagonal ribs or cords are seen on the twill fabric.
- These twill lines are produced by letting all warp ends interlace in the same way but displacing the interlacing points of each end and by one pick relatives to that of the previous end.
- On both sides of the fabric, twill lines are formed.
- It takes a minimum of 3 ends and 3 picks relative to that of the previous one. The smallest repeat is 3 X 3.
- The straight draft is commonly used for producing twill weaves.
- It required three or more heald shafts for producing the design.
- Diagonal lines can be formed right to left or left to right.
- Due to the closed setting of yarn, it produces greater weight than woven fabric.
- Depending on the direction of twill lines on the face of the cloth, twills are classified as Z twill and S twill.
So, there are lots of characteristics of twill weave.
Uses of Twill Weave
Twill weaves is one of the basic weave types and it is widely used in fabric manufacturing for garments, household cloth, as well as industrial cloth. The following are the most common using fields of twill weave and its derivatives. They are-
- Firstly, different types of textile products such as pillows, covers, screens, bed sheets, towels, etc are made from diamond, diaper, and zigzag twill.
- Secondly, different types of shirting, suiting and panting like denim, and gaberdine are made from continuous twill.
- Thirdly, cotton twill fabric is used to make chinos and khaki pants.
- After that, different types of ornamental cloth are also made from other derivatives of twill weave.
- Different work clothing is also made from twill weave.
- It is also used to make sheets, bedding, and towels.
- Lastly, the cloth of suiting and overcoats are made from hearing bone twill weave.
I have written about the properties of the plain weave. If you compare these two weaves, you will find the difference between the twill and plain weave.