Medical textile is the most advanced technology in the textile sector. Therefore, it is an important technical textile. Medical textile is generally used for medical purposes in first aid purposes or clinical and surgery division. Medical textile products include different products such as surgical drapes, surgical gowns, pads, masks, dressings, filtration materials, tissue scaffolds for rebuilding internal organs, and many more. Hence, this type of medical textile uses for protection and health care purposes.
Process Flow Chart of Medical Textile Technology:
Medical textile products are prepared in a line of the process. However, higher textile technology is essential for manufacturing medical textile products. Special types of machinery are also used for producing medical textile products. The followings are the most common procedure for manufacturing medical textile products:
In sum, the above flow chart is the simple lineup for medical textile technology.
Application Area Of Medical Textiles
There are different uses of medical textiles in the medical sector. The following are the major application of technical medical textiles. They are-
Healthcare or Hygiene Products
There are different types of healthcare products that use in the medical sector as well as in our daily life. Healthcare and hygiene products are such as surgical clothes, bedding, clothing, filters, bandages, products for feminine hygiene like stationary napkins, baby and adult diapers, support and protective material, surgical sutures, dental floss, etc.
Textiles in Extracorporeal Devices
Medical technical textile is also used in extracorporeal devices like artificial kidneys, liver, and lungs.
Technical medical textile is widely applicable as non-implantable material for wound care that includes absorbent pad (wound contact layer, base material viscose, plastic film) and bandages (simple inelastic/elastic, orthopedic, plasters, gauzes, lint, padding).
Medical textiles use as implantable materials like artificial tendons (meshes), artificial ligaments, sutures (biodegradable and non-biodegradable), orthopedic implants artificial joints, soft tissue implants, artificial cartilage, cardiovascular implants vascular graft, and heart valves equally.
So, there are lots of application areas for medical textiles.