Synthetic fiber is that which is made from different types of polymers contrarily it is not cultivated as a natural fiber. Manmade fiber is basically produced from the reaction between different types of monomers. Through the polymerization process, a long chain of polymer is also produced. Then filament is produced by the various spinning process. Various types of synthetic fiber are available in the market Day by day its availability increases for its cheap price. But there have lots of bad effects of man-made fiber on the environment.
Now I will show you how manmade fiber is produced?
Process Flow Chart of Synthetic Fiber Production:
The process flow chart of various synthetic fibers is differing from one to another but the basic process is the same. Here, I have given a flow chart of synthetic fiber production which is the same for all. It is the basic sequence of man-made fiber production.
Drawing and Stretching
Technical operation in man-made fiber production:
Various types of technical operations are involved with synthetic fiber production. They are as follows:
- Firstly, the preparation of spinning fluid from solid polymers or directly from monomers.
- Secondly, spinning is the extrusion of the spinning fluid through small dies (Spinnerets). Extension of the emerging fluid jets into filaments of revived, thickness, accompanied by solidification of the obtained filaments on a suitable mechanical device
- Lastly, mechanical, thermal, and chemical treatment is applied to filaments to improve their characteristics and performance.
So, it is not so easy to produce manmade fiber from monomers. One should apply the above techniques for synthetic fiber production.
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