Direct Dyes || Properties Of Direct Dyes

Direct Dyes

Direct dyes are sodium salts of sulphonic acid and most of them contain an azo group as the main chromophore. Additionally, direct dye dyeing is carried out in alkaline conditions. This dyeing process is done at at low temperatures. After absorbing dyes it tends to bleed the dyes, which produces an uneven shade. To resist these different types of dyes after treatment is done.

Properties Of Direct Dyes

Uses of Direct Dyes

Direct dyes are anionic dyes substantive to cellulosic fibers when applied from an aqueous bath containing electrolytes. Many of them also dye protein fibers. Direct dyes are very easy to apply and available in the market. Direct dyes are used in different industries. The following are the common industry where direct dyes are used. They are-

Textiles Dyeing: Different types of household textile items such as curtains, bedsheets, and towels are dyed by direct dyes.

Apparel and Fashion Industry: Direct dyes are widely used in the apparel manufacturing and fashion industries to dye various clothing material such as of dresses, shirts, and other outfits. Moreover, it also used to produce different design and style on handbags, ties, and other wearable accessories.

Leather and Paper Industry: Leather and paper industries are another common application field of direct dyes. This dye is uses to provide diverse colors to different types of paper. It is widely used to dyeing lecture goods such as shoes, handbags, and belts.

Properties of Direct Dyes

Direct dyes have some characteristics. The following are the main characteristics of direct dyes. They are-

  • Firstly, direct dyes are water soluble dyes.
  • Secondly, it is anionic in nature.
  • Thirdly, it needs electrolyte for exhaustion.
  • Dyeing process is carried out simultaneously in alkaline condition.
  • Generally applied for cellulosic as well as protein fibers.
  • Therefore, fastness properties are average specially wet fastness.
  • Fastness properties are also improved by after treatment.
  • In fact, it is not widely used as compared with reactive dyes.
  • Comparatively cheap in price.
  • Lastly, direct dyes are used for cheap goods for local market.

It is not suitable to dye cellulosic fiber with direct dyes, for this reason, in most cases reactive dyes, basic dyes, and azoic colors are used. The use of direct dyes is very limited.

So, choose your direct dyes according to your requirements.

5 thoughts on “Direct Dyes || Properties Of Direct Dyes”

  1. Direct Dyes that belong to hot water dyes are used on cellulose fibres like cotton. The other type of mixture that forms acid dye is the one which is mixed in ‘all purpose dyes’ like Tintex Hot Water dye, Rit, Dylon multipurpose dye. However, these mixtures of acid dye do not stay longer on cellulose fibre.

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