Jute is a 100% natural fiber. To demonstrate that about 64% cellulose contains in the chemical composition of natural jute fiber. Jute is one of the most common natural fibers when natural fiber means it completely grows naturally. For this reason, it is completely safe to use in our everyday life. Also, it is eco-friendly. Anyhow jute is a cellulosic fiber but the portion of cellulose in its composition is less than cotton fiber. Hemicellulose and lignin are also present in their composition. For the presence of lignin and cellulose jute fiber is harder than other fibers.
Chemical Composition Of Jute Fiber
The chemical composition of jute fiber is as bellow:
- Cellulose: 64 to 65%
- Hemi-Cellulose: 20 to 25%
- Lignin: 10 to 15%
- Fat & Wax: 0.3%
- Water solution materials: 1.5%
Its root is harder than its body. As a result, it is difficult to produce yarn for its hardness. It makes soft by the process before production. Additionally, to remove this hardness of jute fiber emulsion is used. Then it becomes suitable for twisting. In the first place, this emulsion is composed of J.B.O, Water, and Emulsifier.
The percentage by which emulsion is made is given below:
- Water: 75.0 %
- Jute Batching Oil (J.B.O): 24.5%
- Emulsifier: 0.5%
Figure: Jute Fiber
This Emulsion composition is not universal it can be changed by the technician. Besides, after applying emulsion on jute it keeps in pile for some days. This time period depends on the grade of jute. The quality test performs continuously.
Jute fiber uses to produce twine yarn, bag, sack, hessian, sacking, CVC, carpet yarn, etc. This product has international market demand. For this reason, different county produces it to fulfill this demand.
We know that jute fiber contains carbon, hydrogen & oxygen in its chemical composition. It has no component which is harmful to the environment. Overall, it does not pollute the environment. By the same token, jute fiber and its products are biodegradable. It takes only three to five months to decompose with soil. As a result, jute fiber refers to a friend of the environment.
So, all of my friends let us take steps to use natural jute products and keep this world out of synthetic products.