Monthly Archives: May 2012

Process Flow Of Rubber Printing On Cotton Fabric

Rubber printing is one of the important printing processes. After apparel manufacturing, printing is done on the surface of the fabric. Here, I have given the process sequence of rubber printing with recipe.





Process Flow Of Rubber Printing: Rubber printing is done as the following way in a printing unit.

Table preparation

Fabric plaited on the table

Rubber printing paste apply with the help of screen

Hanging the fabric for 30 min

Curing at 150ºc (belt speed 5 m/min)


That’s all about rubber printing.

Process Sequence Of Embroidery In A Apparel Manufacturing Industry

In apparel manufacturing unit; embroidery is special types of task. It is done according to the buyer requirement. Generally, embroidery is a complex work if it is done manually for single fabric. Manual process takes more time to produce a complex design. Besides this, computerized embroidery machine is suitable to produce complex and lengthy design. It needs to install CAD software and make the design by CAD.

Process Flow of Embroidery: Embroidery is done according to the following sequence in an apparel manufacturing industry.

At first designed the buyer design by CAD software

The design software install into the machine

The fabric clamped by the clamp board

Then run the machine until finished the design

Then the fabric collects for delivery

Embroidery Machine Name: There are various types of companies which are looking to manufacture latest embroidery machine with latest facility. Here, I present an embroidery machine manufacturer of Korea. They make following embroidery machine type-

  1. SWF 15 head, 9 needles with sequin device.
  2. SWF 20 head, 9 needles with sequin device.
  3. SWF 12 head, 9 needles with sequin device.

In present China, India, Taiwan, Japan, Germany, USA, UK and other country is trying to develop the embroidery machine feature. Singer, Butterfly, Brother, Melco, Tajima, Happy, JANOME, Sun Shine, Prodigi etc are the most popular embroidery/sewing machine manufacturing brand.

So, choose your embroidery machine according to your demand.

Shade Checking System In Dyeing Floor | Shade Matching

Shade is a common word in dyeing, printing and finishing unit of a textile mill. It is the physical testing methods of off line quality control assurance system. I have written about the shade matching system in a dyeing lab or lab dip development procedure in one of my blog, I think that will help you to know about the shade matching system.

Shade matching depends on the accuracy of the man’s eye. It is a visual process for this reason same shade may have difference comments from different person. So, dyeing expert or color expert is needed for this purpose. Besides the manual shade matching system computer color matching system (CCMS) can help man to take decision about the shade of a specific sample.

Shade Check: The shade achieved is to be checked several times while in process & at finished state to ensure the customers demand under recommended light source. Generally the shade is checked at the following stage-

  • After dyeing
  • After drying
  • After trial for finishing
  • After finishing

Shade Checking Instruments: Shade of the color varies depending on the light source under which sample is checked out. For this reason, buyer gives specific light source under which sample will be checked. For this the following equipment is used-

Name               : Verivide light box

Manufacturer    : James H. Heal & Company ltd.

Origin              : England

Light source:

  1. D-65 (artificial day light)
  2. TL-84
  3. F (filament light)
  4. UV (Ultraviolet blue light)

It is important to understand about the color tone. It is also important to know about the color combination by which color will be produced. It should take in mind that, the dyes combination which is used to match the buyer sample color that combination will be use in bulk production. Otherwise tone of the color could be varying.

So, textile engineer should be careful about the shade matching of a textile product.