Cotton is a natural fiber. Although it calls natural hollow fibers. Also, it calls breathable fibers because they are soft, cool, and water absorbent. Further, cotton fiber is a strong, dye absorbent and it has enough properties against abrasion wear and high temperature. Moreover, it can hold water 24-27 times its own weight. Hence, different dyes are used for cotton dyeing.
The cotton plant Gossypium belongs to the genus Malvaceae. Cotton is a cellulosic fiber. Significantly, it is the backbone of the world’s textile trade. Primarily, cotton produces from the seeds of the cotton plant. Where cotton is attached with seeds and separated by the ginning process. Basically, many of our everyday textiles come from cotton. Cotton fabrics are comfortable and capable of an infinitive variety of weave and coloring. By the time, cotton has wrinkles property, it mixes with polyester or applies some permanent finish for giving the proper properties to cotton items of clothing. Rather, other fibers such as nylon, linen, wool, and polyester are often blended with cotton fiber to achieve the best properties of each textile fiber.
I have written about the physical and chemical properties of cotton and now I like to illustrate the chemical composition of cotton for your kind information.
Chemical Composition of Cotton:
Types of plant, soil, and climate effects the chemical composition of cotton fibers and the number of different elements of the cotton. Cellulose is the main component of cotton and it consists of 94% of 100%.
Cellulose : 94%
Protein : 1-1.5%
Pectic Acid : 01%
Mineral Substances : 01%
Acids, Sugars, Pigments : 02%
Waxes : 0.5%
Cotton produces in different countries of the world and all of the cotton fibers do not have the same chemical properties it may vary depending on the geographical condition. Jute is another type of natural cellulosic fiber and cellulose is the main chemical component in its chemical composition.
So, try to find out the percentage of chemicals properties in cotton and compare it with the standard one.