What Is Cotton Fiber | Chemical Composition Of Cotton Fiber

Cotton is a natural fiber. The cotton plat Gossypium belongs to the genus Malvacae. Cotton is a cellulosic fiber. It is the back bone of the world’s textile trade. Cotton is produced from the seeds of the cotton plant. Cotton is attached to the seeds and separated by the ginning process. Many of our every day textiles are made from cotton. Cotton fabrics are hard weaving comfortable and capable of infinitive variety of weave and coloring.

I have written about physical and chemical properties of cotton and now I like to give the chemical composition of cotton for your kind information.

Chemical Composition of Cotton: Types of plant, soil and climate effects on the chemical composition of cotton fibers and the quantity of different elements of the cotton. Cellulose is the main component of cotton and it consists of 94% of 100%.

Cellulose                               : 94%

Protein                                 : 1-1.5%

Pectic Acid                           : 01%

Mineral Substances                : 01%

Acids, Sugars, Pigments          : 02%

Waxes                                 : 0.5%

Cotton is produced in various countries of the world and all of the cotton fibers have not same chemical properties it may vary depending on the geographical condition. Jute is another type of natural cellulosic fiber and cellulose is the main chemical components in its chemical composition.

So, try to find out the percentage of chemicals in cotton and compare it with standard one.

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