Plain weave is the most basic of three fundamental types of textile weaves. However, this plain weave is also called tabby weave, linen weave, or taffeta weave. The Plain fabric has a basic design structure. If anyone wants to get success he have to do something more than that of design. For this reason various types of derivatives of plain fabric is required to establish. This modified plain fabric has a great demand in the market. When the warp and weft threads cross at right angles they form a simple crisis cross pattern in their structure. Basically, each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. Similarly, the next weft thread goes under the warp threads that its neighbor went over, and vice versa. Depending on the design, the derivatives are classified as the below.
Derivatives of Plain Weave:
Plain fabric derivatives are as below:
This type of derivative consists of ribs or cords in the warp or weft direction. Rib weave is classified as below:
- Regular Warp Rib
- Irregular Warp Rib
- Regular Weft Rib
- Irregular Weft Rib
Matt Rib fabric has a smooth surface and more flexible than plain weave. The following is the classification of matt rib. They are-
- Regular Matt
- Irregular Matt
- Stitched Matt
- Fancy Matt
Uses of Plain Weave Derivatives
The following are the uses of plain weave derivatives. They are-
- Firstly, regular warp rib uses to produce grosgrain cloth, mattress cloth, etc.
- Secondly, irregular warp rib is also used to make grosgrain cloth, mattress cloth, etc.
- Thirdly, different types of fabrics are made from matt weave such as dress materials, shirtings, sailcloth, duck cloth, etc.
- After that, plain weave derivatives are strong and hard-wearing and are used for fashion and furnishing fabrics.
- Lastly, it is also used to produce heavy and coarse canvas and blankets, muslin, and other fabrics.
So, there are lots of derivatives of plain weave. I will write briefly about these derivatives in my next blog, till then.
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