What is Knitting | Types of Knitted Fabrics Produced in Knitting Mills

What is Knitting?

The process in which fabrics are produced by a set of connecting loops from a series of yarns in warp or weft direction is defined as knitting. Basically, different knitting machines use to perform this technique. We also know that fabrics produce from a set of warp or weft yarn. However, Weaving and knitting are different in the interlacing techniques of yarn. In weaving, it needs warp and weft yarn to produce woven fabric but in knitting, fabrics are produced from a series of yarn in warp or weft directions. The following figure shows Knitting loop formation techniques.

Types of Knitted Fabrics Produced in Knitting Mills

Mainly two types of knitted fabrics produces in a knitting mill. They are as follow:

Warp Knitted Fabrics:

In a warp knitted structure, each loop in the horizontal direction is made from a different thread and the number of threads used to produce such a fabric is at least equal to the number of loops in a horizontal row.

Weft Knitted Fabrics:

A horizontal row of loops can be made using one thread that runs in the horizontal direction. The fabric structure is different from one to another. Weft knitted fabrics are widely used.

In our daily life, we use different knitted fabrics. Depending on the design of the fabric knitted fabrics can be as follow:


Single Jersey Fabric:

A single jersey is a weft-knitted fabric that is formed by one set of needles in the knitting process. T-shirts are more popular in single jersey fabric types than others that process in the textile sector. Basically, the appearance of a single jersey differs on the face side and backside. Therefore, this fabric getting popular for much warm, flexible, stretchy, and wear comfort properties. The following are the common single jersey fabric types. They are-

  1. Plain Single Jersey
  2. Single Jersey with Lycra
  3. Single Lacoste
  4. Double Lacoste
  5. Single Pique
  6. Double Pique
  7. Polo Pique
  8. French Terry
  9. Terry with Lycra
  10. Fleece
  11. Fleece with Lycra

Double Jersey Fabric:

Double jersey is also a weft-knitted fabric that is formed by two sets of needles. Moreover, double jersey fabric is near similar to the single jersey fabric construction certainly double jersey face and backside appearance are the same.

Rib Fabric

  1. 1×1 Rib
  2. 2×1 Rib
  3. 2×2 Rib
  4. Lycra Rib
  5. Flat Back Rib

Interlock Fabric

  1. Plain Interlock
  2. Drop Needle Interlock
  3. Interlock with Lycra

Collar and Cuff

  1. Plain Collar or Solid Collar
  2. Shaving Collar
  3. Jacquard Collar
  4. Tipping Collar
  5. Race Collar
  6. Stripe Collar

Also, different types of decorative designs are developed by knitting machines. In modern times auto stripe knitting machines use to produce multi-color stripe fabrics when it is not possible to produce by the normal knitting machines.

Lycra or spandex is a synthetic fiber that also is used for special purposes. The use of Lycra depends on buyer requirements. Besides, it increases the elastic properties of fabrics.

At this point, different knitted fabrics have different properties. The use of knitted fabrics also depends on the atmospheric condition of the country. It also depends on the choice of one.

So, choose your favorite one from the list. After all, the management should give emphasis on knitted fabrics production.

13 thoughts on “What is Knitting | Types of Knitted Fabrics Produced in Knitting Mills”

    • Range is infinite and increasing with every single day. Start from the basics single jersey, interlock and rib. Rest r the developments of only single and double cylinder circular knitting machine

    • Its just the differnce in the cam movement of the needle on the single cylinder knitting machine which makes the pattern of pique and jersey. U can easily find the cam path online of jersey as well as pique.

    • However as i understood ur question, u r talking abt double cylinder machine(cylinder and dial). Generally on making the greige fabric on the machine, inside fabrc is the front as it is made up of cylinder. Dial always have the back of the fabric.

    • Try to learn the loop, tuck and float. Yarn movement on the knitting machine through needles. Cam design and needle movement.
      These few things make all kind of knitted fabrics. However in industry u need to cram those fabric names. Its on u to decide.


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