Pigment Printing Process On Cotton Fabric

What is the meaning of pigment printing?

Pigments are mainly synthetic organic materials. It has no affinity to the fabric. For this reason, the binder is used for making a film on the pigment surface. A 3-dimensional cross-linking is produced between fiber and pigment. After drying, curing is done at 150 – 180 degrees Celsius for fixing the pigments on the fabric surface. Pigment printing is cheaper than other printing processes.

Here, I have given a sequence of pigment printing on the cotton fabric.

Pigment printing recipe:

This is a sample printing recipe. It can be changed depending on the color depth.

  • Thickener: 2%
  • Binder: 8%
  • Fixer: 2%
  • Water: 90%

Flow Chart Of Pigment Printing On Cotton Fabric

The following is the flow chart of the pigment printing process on cotton fabric. They are-

Fabric Pre-treatment

Table preparation

Fabric plaited on the table

Pigment printing paste applied with the help of a screen

Curing at 160ºc (belt speed 6.50 m/min)


In sum, the pigment printing process is interesting one. So, print your knit or woven fabrics with pigments and enjoy wearing a pigment printed T-Shirt or Polo-Shirt.

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  • Sanjoy roychowdhury

    I want to paint by hand on cotton domestically.please inform me about binding reagent.fixing reagent etc.

  • jeyaprakash.n

    Dear sir
    I am a Fashion Technology student how many types of printings are used in industries

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