We know plain weave has three derivatives; they are warp rib, weft rib and matt rib. Matt weave fabric has a flexible and smooth surface than plain weave.
Features of Matt Weave: Features of matt weaves are given below.
- Matt weave is heavier than a square fabric made from the same yarn, but thickness will be same.
- The matt weave cloth has a greater resistance to tearing. Partly, because it has more threads per inch, but chiefly because the threads are in pairs.
- Matt weaves tend to give smooth surface and more flexible fabrics than plain weave.
Matt rib is classified into four categories. They are-
- Regular Matt
- Irregular Matt
- Stitched Matt
- Fancy Matt
Here, I like to present the features of above Matt weave.
Features Of Regular Matt Weave:
- Warp and weft are shown in the form of small equal sized squares or rectangles.
- In this weave, warp and weft show themselves equally on the surface of both sides of the cloth.
Features Of Irregular Matt Weave:
- This weave produces unequal spaces in the cloth.
Features Of Stitched Matt Weave:
- Stitch is used in this weave to avoid looseness of yarn in the fabric.
Features Of Fancy Matt Weave:
- Usually, it is produced by combining matt, warp and weft ribs.
So, that’s all about the features of matt weave and its derivatives.
The main characteristics of plain rib weave is that, they produces ribs or cords in the warp or weft directions. If the cords or ribs produce in the weft direction then it is called warp rib and if the cords or ribs produce in the warp direction then it is called weft rib. This weft rib is classified into two side, they are: regular weft rib and irregular weft rib.
Features of Weft Rib Structure: The characteristics of warp rib and weft rib is not same, there is some basic difference in their basic structure. Here, I have given some features of weft rib structure. They are as:
- Weft rib produces ribs or cords in the warp direction.
- Normally finer yarn is used as weft and coarser one as warp.
- If the number of picks is more than the number of ends in a unit space, then yarn of same count may be used.
- Two or more warp yarn pass over or under a weft yarn.
- Normally, two heald shafts are used.
- Weft rib is used for producing Blankets, hair cords etc.
Above figure is the regular and irregular weft rib structure. It is a sample structure.
Name of Rib Fabric: Following woven fabric is produced by plain rib structure. They are:
- Cord Fabric
- Poplin Fabric
- Hair Cords
Above fabrics are both warp and weft rib plain fabric. So, find out which is warp rib fabric and which is weft rib fabric.
Warp rib and weft rib is the derivatives of plain weave. This warp and weft rib also can be classified into regular and irregular rib. There are differences in the structure of the fabric. So, we need to know the characteristics of warp and weft rib of plain weave.
Characteristics of Warp Rib: Plain warp rib weave has some characteristic, which is given below:
- It produces ribs or cords in the weft direction.
- Generally, warp yarn is finer than weft yarn.
- If the number of ends is more than the number of picks in a unit space, then yarn of same count may be used.
- Two or more weft yarns pass over or under a warp.
- Weft yarns are low twisted yarn.
- Two heald shafts are used for producing the design.
- Generally, mercerized yarns are used.
- It is normally used in warp faced construction, such as Poplin fabric.
In the above figure, you have noticed the difference between the regular warp rib and irregular warp rib. In the regular warp rib, the number of warp yarn is same for each line but the number of warp yarn is not same in the each line and it alters in the next picks. This type of structure creates the floating characteristics on the fabric. For this reason, fabrics become comfortable than the basic plain weave cloth.