Warping is the first step of fabric manufacturing process. After winding, warping process is done for making a weavers beam. Weavers beam is produced from a set of yarns of same yarn count or different. In most of the cases we see that different yarn count is used for making sacking fabrics in jute mills. But most of the fabrics are produced from same yarn count. It is noted that all requirements are depends on the fabric structure. Production of Weavers beams depending on the fabric structure. Fabric structure plays an important role in fabric manufacturing process.
In textile language; warping is defined as the parallel winding of yarn from cone or cheese package on to a warp beam. It is needed to confirm that warp beam is make from good warp yarn otherwise weaving performance will be hampered. So it needs to require to provide a good warp beam. Faulty weavers beam is one of the causes of wastage in weaving section.
Objects of warping: Followings are the most common objects of warping:
- To wound up fixed length of yarn on to a warp beam.
- To increase the weavability of yarn.
- To increase the quality of yarn.
- To make re-useable small package.
- To make convenient yarn sheet for next sizing process.
- To increase the production.
- To make dynamic next process.
Importance of warping: Warping process plays an important role in fabric manufacturing. Followings are the most common importance of warping.
- Warp beam are constructed by warping.
- Parallel yarn sheets are constructed by this process.
- Predetermined yarns are wound from the yarn package.
- Small packages are combined by this process.
- Long length of warp yarns is found in this process.
- Various yarn faults like thick and thin place, larger knots are modified by this process.
- Small packages become re-useable by this process.
- Warping accelerates the next sizing process.
So, warping is important for accelerating the next sizing process.