Shuttle looms are conventional loom types. There are three types of shuttle loom. In jute mills, semi automatic and automatic shuttle looms are used for jute fabric production. All of the shuttle loom’s weaving principle are same only the process of shuttle changing is differ from one to other. In a semi automatic shuttle loom, the loom is run by power and the shuttle runs through the shed until the weft yarns are finished in the shuttle. In an automatic shuttle loom, the shuttle picks the weft cop automatic from the cop box.
Shuttle Looms For Jute Fabric Production In Jute Mills: In the jute mills, most of the operation is done by the conventional methods. But day by day, the techniques are changing for production. In jute mills, jute yarn is the main element for jute fabric production. Before entering the fabric production, the warp threads are worn in the weavers beam. The weavers beam facilities the weaving process. In the jute mills, two types of loom is used one is ordinary shuttle which is used in semi automatic loom. On the other hand, automatic shuttle is used for automatic shuttle. The size for two types of looms is different.
It is very important to know that the production rate of automatic shuttle is higher than semi automatic shuttle loom. The fabric quality of fabric depends on the weaver’s work efficiency. The weavers should have enough knowledge about the operating system.
Jute is a natural fiber. The manufacturers of jute goods are like to set up their industry within a low cost. Although, the price of jute goods are likely lower than the cotton fiber.
So, choose the best brands of shuttle loom (semi-automatic, automatic) for set up a new industry.
Shuttle loom is a conventional loom types. In a shuttle loom, shuttle carries the weft yarn through the warp yarn shed to forming interlacement to produce fabric in weaving process.
Types of Shuttle Loom: Shuttle loom is divided into three types. They are-
- Hand loom
- Power loom (Non-automatic)
- Automatic weaving machine
Advantages and Disadvantages of Shuttle Loom: There are lots of advantages and disadvantages of shuttle loom. Here, I have listed the most common advantages and disadvantages of shuttle loom.
Advantages of shuttle loom: Advantages of shuttle loom are given below.
- Shuttle loom is more economical than shuttle less loom.
- It is suitable for low scale production types industry.
- Easy to operate.
- Spare parts are available in the market.
Disadvantages of shuttle loom: Disadvantages of shuttle loom are given below:
- Shuttle loom causes more noise in the working field.
- Shuttle cause abrasion on warp yarn which increase the wastage percentage.
- Warp breaks increases for the shuttle.
- The production rate of shuttle loom is slower than shuttle less loom.
- Sometimes, shuttle flies from the shed and can cause accident.
- High labor cost.
- The value of fabric lost because of shuttle movement.
- Efficiency of shuttle loom is less than shuttle less loom.
- It increases physical and mental pressure on labor.
So, there are lots of advantages and disadvantages of shuttle loom.
Weaving is done by the loom. This loom has different Varity. Among all of them shuttle loom is the most common loom used in the industry. It is very important to know, how much parts have in a loom. Loom helps to produce fabric from the weavers beam to cloth. Shuttle loom is the conventional loom types. Shuttle loom has low production rate with prior to the other modern looms.
Functions of Different Shuttle Loom Parts: Here, I have listed the different parts of shuttle looms. They are-
Shuttle: In a shuttle loom, it is the reason for such naming. Shuttle carries out the weft yarn through the divided warp for the interlacement between warp and weft yarn.
Shuttle Box: A shuttle loom contains two shuttle boxes in the two end points of the slay. It helps to retain the shuttle to the shed by picking motion.
Picker: It is the pushing material of shuttle. Picker is placed in grooves or on a spindle in the shuttle box.
Warp Beam: Warp beam is the collection of desired number of warp threads in the beam. From this beam, desired warp thread is permit to go through the healds. It is a cylindrical body with end flanges on both ends.
Front Rest: It used as a guide for the cloth to wind on to the cloth beam. It is a fixed roller placed in front of loom above the cloth roller.
Lease Rods: Lease rods are used for divide warp thread in to one and one, two and two or so on. The two rods passed through between two successive divisions of warp yarns.
Heddle/Heald: Heald contains cord or wire with eyelet for holding warp yarns in a place. It helps in shed formation. It helps to identify broken ends. It determines the order of the warp threads. Warp thread density in a fabric could be determined by his parts of loom.
Harness/Heald Shaft: Heald shaft is a wood or metal frame that holds the heald or heddles in position in the loom during weaving. Heald shaft is usually more than one.
Slay: Slay is the loom portion which facilities the shuttle to run through the shed of the warp yarns. It contains reed which is important for weaving. It also oscillates between the harness of the cloth.
Reed: Reed contains comb like wire or device which is used for separating yarns on a loom and to beat up the filling during weaving. Each gap between two wear is called dent.
Temple: Roller device on a loom which hold the cloth at a proper width to prevent it from being drawn in too much by the filling.
Treadle: Treadle is a paddle or lever under the loom.
So, that’s all about the different parts of a shuttle looms and their functions.