The manufacturers of products are the seller of the products. A quotation is a business offer made by a seller for the interested buyer who wants to buy the certain goods at specific prices and on certain terms and conditions. The seller of the products always likes to offer better opportunity for his buyer. This the mutual agreement on which the dealing is completed. The seller always bound to fulfill the demand of the buyer. If the buyer faces any difficulties with the products they can complain to the seller.
Types of Quotation for Exporting Products: During pricing a products following quotation is considered. They are-
- LOCO: LOCO is the lowest quotation price. LOCO means on the spot. LOCO means that the buyer will carry his product form the seller godown to his or her factory or warehouse. All the carrying expenses are beared by the buyer.
- F.A.S: Free Along Side Ship (FAS) determines that the seller will bear the carrying expenses from the seller godown to the ship and the buyer will give the expenses from the ship loading to the buyer godown.
- F.O.W: Free On Wagon (FOW) determine that the seller will bear the expenses from the godown to the nearest railway station rest carrying will be done by the buyer.
- F.O.B: Free On Board (FOB) determines that the seller will bear all the expenses which required reaching the products in the board of ship at the port of shipment. Product loading expenses also carried by the seller.
- C&F: Cost and Freight (C&F) determines that the seller will bear all the expense which is required to send the goods from the seller godown to the buyer godown. Seller will not bear the insurance cost in this quotation.
- C.I.F: Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) means that the seller will bear all the carrying cost and insurance charge of the product during caring the products from the seller godown to the buyer godown.
- C.I.F.E: Cost, Insurance, Freight and Exchange (CIFE) determines that manufacturing cost, insurance charge, carrying cost and exchange cost will be include in product price.
- C.W.O: Cash With Order (CWO) determines that the buyer of the product will send money along with the order. Order will not be executed without receiving with the order.
- C.O.D: Cash On Delivery (COD) determines that the buyer will pay cash after receiving the desired products to the desired destination which is ordered by him.
- FRANCO: In this quotation, the seller bears all expenses up to the buyer’s warehouse.
- F.O.R: Free On Rail (FOR) determine that the seller will bear all the expenses from the seller godown to the railway station. Seller also bears the loading cost. Rest expenses will bear by the buyer.
So, there is lots of quotation. One can easily understand the meaning of quotation if one can get clear idea about quotation.
Jute is a natural bast fiber. Jute fiber is spun for producing jute yarn. Various types of jute fabrics are made from jute yarn. We know that, jute fabric is classified as Sacking, Hessian and C.B.C. Jute fabrics are courser than cotton or other fabrics. For this reason it’s using are not so wide as compared to cotton or other fabrics. For this reason different types of attributes are added with jute fabric for make it user friendly. Now a day’s jute dyeing and jute printing becomes popular to the manufacturer.
The printed jute product which is presented here, it is produced in Star Jute Mills Limited which is an enterprise of Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation. They also produced all types of Sacking and Hessian jute products which maintain international quality standard.
Jute printing is the process of producing different types of attractive design to the jute fabric. I have described about the printing classification. Among the entire printing process block printing is popular for jute fabric printing.
Materials for jute fabric printing: During jute fabric printing following materials are used.
- Basic dyes
- Acetic acid
- Soft surface
- Jute fabric
We know that; basic dyes are usually hydro-chloride or salts of organic bases. Basic dyes are insoluble in water but it can be soluble in alcohol or methylated spirit. Its fastness properties are average to good. This is cheap in price and available in the market.
Jute fabrics are print by the basic dyes. Basic dyes printing are carried out in acidic medium. Jute printing can be run by the following recipe:
Basic dyes : 30gm/kg
Acetic acid : 50gm/kg
Thickeners (Starch 10%) : 700gm/kg
Water (+,-) : 220gm/kg
This recipe is a sample recipe but this amount could be changed. Anyhow, this recipe is calculated for making 1kg print paste.
Sequence of application: Basic dyes printing is carried out as the following sequence.
This is the basic process flow chart of jute printing with basic dyes. During printing process different caution is follow for avoiding printing faults. Before starting printing we should make a printing paste with standard recipe. Block should place in the right place. For a multiple color printing we have to print one by one by specific block. Printing place should be soft. After printing; steaming should be for fixing the dyes uniformly. Stemming also increase the stability of the printing paste. Drying is must after printing. Sometimes after treatment is carried out.
So, print your jute product with basic dyes and make different types of attractive design to attract the buyer.
Jute fiber is a natural bast fiber. It is harder than other textile fibers. Its spinning process is different from others spinning.
Jute is a natural fiber. It is environment friendly. Due to its worldwide demand different country manufacture jute goods. Jute goods produce by a line of sequence. Its manufacturing process is completely different from cotton. By the following way jute goods are produced:
Selection of jute for a batch
↓ (According to jute grade)
Softening or Lubricating
↓ (Application of emulsion on jute)
↓ (Piling of jute for certain time)
↓ (Inter Card is used between this two)
↓ (It may be half or full circular)
First Drawing Frame
Second Drawing Frame
Third or Finisher Drawing Frame
↓ (For fine yarn)
↓ (Apron draft or Slip draft)
↓ (Roll winding & Cop winding)
↓ (For warp yarn of cloth)
↓ (Insertion of warp & weft yarn)
This is the common flow chart. Some additional steps can be added with it by depending on buyer requirement. It can be changed with respect to count of yarn but it is the principle of jute goods manufacturing process. It also depends on type of product like that CBC, Hessian or Sacking. We know that CBC is produced by fine yarn, Hessian is also produced by fine yarn but this yarn is slightly courser than CBC and Sacking is produced by courser yarn than previous two.
Any how our main object is to produce quality product. So we should research to improve the process.