Jute is a natural fiber. It is the cheapest vegetable fiber after cotton. Jute is a 100% bio-degradable fiber. The products which are produced from the jute fibers are 100% safe for the environment. For the eco friendly characteristics the uses of the jute goods are increasing day by day. Different types of diversified products are producing from the jute fibers.
Jute Cultivating Countries: Jute is not cultivated in all over the world. Special soil charesterics are required for the jute cultivation. Jute is specially cultivated in the sub-continent and surrounding countries.
Top Jute Growing Countries Of The World: Bangladesh and west Bengal of India is the highest jute cultivating area. About 85% jute is cultivated in this area. Here, I have listed most jute growing countries name list. They are-
This list could be changed depending on the jute cultivating percentage. If you want to get more information about jute, you can visit another page of the jute categories.
Jute is a natural cellulosic fiber. It is fully different from other textile fiber but it is near similar to flax plant. The jute fiber is come from jute plant. This fiber length is 0.2 to 30 inch. It is hard and it needs to soften before make yarn from this fiber. Its spinning process is also different from other spinning process.
The jute yarn which is come from spinning process it has variety types of application. Jute is completely safe for the environment for this reason the world’s peoples want to use jute goods in their everyday life. Although, jute goods are cheaper than other textile products.
Uses Of Jute Fiber: Jute yarn is used to produce various types of decorative jute goods. The finer qualities of jute are made into curtains and furnishing fabrics. Jute can be mixed with wool for fine yarn and fabric production.
Familiar uses of jute include the followings:
- Bailing and bundle cloths
- Bedding foundation
- Boot and shoe linings
- Tailors back packing
- Camp beds
- Filter cloths
- Fuse yarns
- Hand bags and all types of stiff bags
- Horse covers
- Aprons of all heavy types
- Iron, steel, tube and rod wrappings
- Canal linings
- Mail bags
- Motor linings
- Needle felts
- Roofing felts
- Covering fabrics
- Tyre wrapping
- Upholstery foundation
- Strings of all types
Jute is now mixed with cotton fiber that is called jutex technology. By this process various types of course fabric is made which is cheaper than completely cotton made fabrics. Raw green jute is also used for making paper.
There are a lots of application scope. Day by day, various researches are going on jute.
So, use jute products and save the environment.
The fibers that come from the inner bark of the plants are known as bast fiber. Jute is a bast fiber. Different types of natural and man-made fibers are available in the world. So it is essential to know the properties of fibers. Without that it is not possible to separate one fiber from others. Every fiber has its own properties.
Jute is a natural fiber. It has some physical and chemical properties. Following properties are the properties of jute.
- Ultimate length: 1.5 – 4 mm
- Ultimate diameter: 0.015 – 0.020 mm
- No. of ultimate in X-section: 6 – 10
- Fibers length: 5 – 12 ft.
- Color: White, Off White, Yellow, Brown, Grey, Golden
- Strength (Tenacity): 3 – 4 gm/den
- Elongation: 1.7% at the break
- Specific Gravity: 1.5
- Moisture Regain(MR%): 13.75%
- Resiliency: Bad
- Dimensional Stability: Good
- Abrasion Resistance: Average
- Effect of Light and Heat: Average
- Effect of Micro Organism: Good(better than Cotton)
- Effect of Acids: Easily damaged by hot dilute Acids and conc. cold Acid.
- Effect of Alkalis: Fibers are damaged by strong alkali. Fibers losses weight when it heated with caustic soda.
- Effect of Bleaches: Resistant to bleaching agents (Bleaching agent, H2O2, NaOcl, Naclo2, Na2O2, CH3COOH, KMnO4, etc.)
- Effect of Light: Color changes slightly in presence of sun light. It happens due to presence of lignin in fiber.
- Effect of Mildew: Prevention ability is better than Cotton and Linen.
- Dyeing ability: Easy to dyeing. Basic dye is used to color jute fiber.
Mainly Jute fibers are composed of cellulose, hemi-cellulose and lignin. It is harder than cotton or other fibers. It is for the presence of lignin in its structure. Emulsion is used to make it soft for spinning. It is weaker than other fibers. Its extension ability is less than other natural fibers.
The physical and chemical properties of jute can vary depending on region. Atmospheric condition and temperature has a great effect on the properties of jute. Properties of seeds also have effect on the properties of jute. Recently different types of changes are brought in the properties of jute seeds. Recently genome sequence of jute is invented by a Scientist. So in future we will get such types of jute which is better than present one.
Different types of machineries and chemicals are used to evaluate properties of jute. So, now it will be easy to find out jute from others fiber.