Weaving is done by the loom. This loom has different Varity. Among all of them shuttle loom is the most common loom used in the industry. It is very important to know, how much parts have in a loom. Loom helps to produce fabric from the weavers beam to cloth. Shuttle loom is the conventional loom types. Shuttle loom has low production rate with prior to the other modern looms.
Functions of Different Shuttle Loom Parts: Here, I have listed the different parts of shuttle looms. They are-
Shuttle: In a shuttle loom, it is the reason for such naming. Shuttle carries out the weft yarn through the divided warp for the interlacement between warp and weft yarn.
Shuttle Box: A shuttle loom contains two shuttle boxes in the two end points of the slay. It helps to retain the shuttle to the shed by picking motion.
Picker: It is the pushing material of shuttle. Picker is placed in grooves or on a spindle in the shuttle box.
Warp Beam: Warp beam is the collection of desired number of warp threads in the beam. From this beam, desired warp thread is permit to go through the healds. It is a cylindrical body with end flanges on both ends.
Front Rest: It used as a guide for the cloth to wind on to the cloth beam. It is a fixed roller placed in front of loom above the cloth roller.
Lease Rods: Lease rods are used for divide warp thread in to one and one, two and two or so on. The two rods passed through between two successive divisions of warp yarns.
Heddle/Heald: Heald contains cord or wire with eyelet for holding warp yarns in a place. It helps in shed formation. It helps to identify broken ends. It determines the order of the warp threads. Warp thread density in a fabric could be determined by his parts of loom.
Harness/Heald Shaft: Heald shaft is a wood or metal frame that holds the heald or heddles in position in the loom during weaving. Heald shaft is usually more than one.
Slay: Slay is the loom portion which facilities the shuttle to run through the shed of the warp yarns. It contains reed which is important for weaving. It also oscillates between the harness of the cloth.
Reed: Reed contains comb like wire or device which is used for separating yarns on a loom and to beat up the filling during weaving. Each gap between two wear is called dent.
Temple: Roller device on a loom which hold the cloth at a proper width to prevent it from being drawn in too much by the filling.
Treadle: Treadle is a paddle or lever under the loom.
So, that’s all about the different parts of a shuttle looms and their functions.