In weaving, different types of looms are used for producing fabric from the weavers beam. Rapier loom is a popular shuttle loom for producing different types of designed fabric. In most of the denim industry, rapier looms are used hugely. Rapier loom carries the filling yarn through the shade of warp yarns to the other side of the loom by finger like carriers called rapier. A stationary package of yarn is used for supply the weft yarn in the rapier loom.
Working Procedure Of Rapier Loom: There are two types of rapier loom. One types of rapier loom consist a rapier in one end. A rapier is a rod or steel tape which carries the weft yarn. In the other end, the rapier connected to the control system. The rapier moves through the warp yarn by carrying weft yarn from one end to other. The rapier is then retracted, leaving the new filling in the place.
Other types of rapier also available, in which the rapier carries the weft yarn to the centre and the other rapier from the opposite side carries the weft yarn from the centre. There are two types of rapier loom. One is flexible and other is rigid rapier loom. The rigid loom takes more space than rigid loom. Flexible rapier can be coiled, if it is too flexible than it will buckle. The double rapier is used more frequently than single rapier. A rapier machines can be operate at speeds up to 1300 meters of weft per minute. This type of rapier is efficient. The noise level is high because it speeds about 200 to 260 ppm.
Advantages of a Rapier Loom: Rapier loom is a shuttle less power loom. It weaves more rapidly than other types of shuttle loom. On the other hand, weaving efficiency of rapier loom is less than projectile machine. An important advantage of rapier loom is that, it can be flexible which perm it’s the laying of picks of different colors. It is noticeable that, it can weave fabric up to 110 inches in width without any modifications.
Rapier machine is running in its own way.