Knitting Technology || Definition and Types of Knitted Fabrics Produced in Knitting Mills

We know that fabrics are produced from a set of warp or weft yarn. Weaving and knitting is different for the interlacing techniques of yarn. In weaving it needs warp and weft yarn for produce woven fabric but in knitting, fabrics are produced from a series of yarn in warp or weft directions. Knitting techniques can be defined as follow.

The processes in which fabrics are produced by set of connect loops from a series of yarns in warp or weft direction is defined as knitting. Different knitting machines are use to perform this techniques. Mainly two types of knitted fabrics are produced. They are as follow:

Warp knitted fabrics: In a warp knitted structure, each loop in the horizontal direction is made from different thread and the number of thread used to produce such a fabric is at least equal to the numbers of loops in horizontal row.

Weft knitted fabrics: A horizontal row of loops can be made using one thread runs in horizontal direction. The fabric structure is different from one from another. Weft knitted fabrics are widely use.

In our daily life, we use different knitted fabrics. Depending on the fabrics design knitted fabrics can be as follow:

  • Single Jersey
  1. Plain Single Jersey
  2. Single Jersey with Lycra
  3. Single Lacoste
  4. Double Lacoste
  5. Single Pique
  6. Double Pique
  7. Polo Pique
  8. French Terry
  9. Terry with Lycra
  10. Fleece
  11. Fleece with Lycra
  • Double Jersey
  • Rib Fabric
  1. 1×1 Rib
  2. 2×1 Rib
  3. 2×2 Rib
  4. Lycra Rib
  5. Flat Back Rib
  • Interlock Fabric
  1. Plain Interlock
  2. Drop Needle Interlock
  3. Interlock with Lycra
  • Collar and Cuff
  1. Plain Collar or Solid Collar
  2. Shaving Collar
  3. Jacquard Collar
  4. Tipping Collar
  5. Race Collar
  6. Stripe Collar

Also different types of decorative design are developed by knitting machine. In modern times auto stripe knitting machine use to produce multi color stripe fabrics, which is not possible to produce by normal knitting machine.

In above I have written about Lycra. Lycra use for special purpose. Use of Lycra depends on buyer requirement. It increases the elastic properties of fabrics.

Different knitted fabrics have different properties. Use of knitted fabrics depends on the atmospheric condition of the country. It also depends on the choice of one.

So, chose your favourite one from the list.

13 thoughts on “Knitting Technology || Definition and Types of Knitted Fabrics Produced in Knitting Mills

    1. Range is infinite and increasing with every single day. Start from the basics single jersey, interlock and rib. Rest r the developments of only single and double cylinder circular knitting machine

    1. Its just the differnce in the cam movement of the needle on the single cylinder knitting machine which makes the pattern of pique and jersey. U can easily find the cam path online of jersey as well as pique.

    1. However as i understood ur question, u r talking abt double cylinder machine(cylinder and dial). Generally on making the greige fabric on the machine, inside fabrc is the front as it is made up of cylinder. Dial always have the back of the fabric.

    1. Try to learn the loop, tuck and float. Yarn movement on the knitting machine through needles. Cam design and needle movement.
      These few things make all kind of knitted fabrics. However in industry u need to cram those fabric names. Its on u to decide.

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