Jute fiber, one of the most common natural fibers. Natural fiber means it completely grows naturally. For this reason it is completely safe to use. It is eco friendly. Anyhow jute is a cellulosic fiber but the portion of cellulose in its composition is less than cotton fiber. Hemi cellulose and lignin also present in its composition. For the presence of lignin and cellulose jute fiber is harder than others fiber. The chemical composition of jute fiber is as bellow:
Cellulose : 64 to 65%
Hemi-Cellulose : 20 to 25%
Lignin : 10 to 15%
Fat & Wax : 0.3%
Water solution materials : 1.5%
Its root is harder than its body. It is difficult to produce yarn for its hardness. It makes soft by process before production. To remove this hardness emulsion is used. Then it becomes suitable for twisting. This emulsion is composed of J.B.O, Water and Emulsifier. The percentage by which emulsion is made that is given below:
Water : 75.0 %
Jute Batching Oil (J.B.O) : 24.5%
Emulsifier : 0.5%
This composition is not universal it can be changed by the technician. After applying emulsion on jute it keeps in pile for some days. This time period is depend on the grade of jute.
Jute fiber is use to produce twine yarn, bag, sack, hessian, sacking, cvc, carpet yarn, etc. This product has international market demand. For this reason different county produce it to fulfill this demand.
We know that jute is composed of carbon, hydrogen & oxygen in its chemical composition. It has no component which is harmful for the environment. For that it does not pollute environment. Other hand jute fiber and its products are biodegradable. It takes only three to five months to decompose with soil. For this jute fiber is called friend of environment.
So, all of my friends let take steps to use natural jute products and keep this world out of synthetic products.