Monthly Archives: March 2013

Basic Weave Structures For Fabric manufacturing

Weave structures is the design by which fabric is produced. The yarns are used in various ways to produce different weave effects. Different simple and complex fabric design is produced by the weave structures. The loom is set according to the fabric structure. Specific loom is used for producing special types of design. We can say jacquard and dobby which two are used for making special design on the fabric.

Basic Weave Structures for Fabric manufacturing

There are three basic weave structures for fabric manufacturing. They are:

  1. Plain Weave
  2. Twill Weave
  3. Satin Weave or Sateen Weave

On the other hand, there are lots of derivatives of the above basic weave. Followings are the most important weave structures.

  • Cut Pile
  • Uncut Pile
  • Leno
  • Jacquard
  • Dobby
  • Basket Weave
  • Rib Weave
  • Herringbone Weave
  • Oxford Weave
  • Double Knit

Now, I like to give a short idea about above weave design.

Plain weave is produced when each weft yarn passes over and under each warp yarn with each row alternatives. It is the simplest form of weave structure.

Twill weave is similar to plain weave, in this the warp yarn skip at regular predetermined intervals creating a diagonal rib in the fabric surface. Twill weave is more flexible than plain weave.

Satin weave is so called when fabric is manufactured by filament yarn like silk or nylon. Flexible fabric is produced by this weave structure. In the other hand, when fabric design is produced by short staple yarns like cotton that is called sateen weave. In satin structure, the face of the fabric consists only the warp on the weft threads giving the fabric a smooth and lustrous surface.

Cut pile is specially used for a carpet fabric where the face of the fabric is composed of cut ends of pile yarn.

Uncut pile is a pile of carpet consisting of loops.

Leno weaves, in this the warp yarns are arranged in pairs. One yarn being twisted the other between picks of the filling yarn.

Jacquard weave is used for producing complex patterns on the fabric. Jacquard loom is used for creating jacquard weave.

Dobby weave is a decorative weave, which is characterized by small design or geometric figures being woven in the fabric structure.

Basket weave is one of the variations of plain weave where fabric has a loose constructions and flat look. It is strong and flexible than basic plain weave.

Rib weave is a basic weave in which rib cord is produced on the fabric. Abrasion and tearing strength of the rib weave is high.

If you want to produce a fine, soft and light weight fabric then you have to consider oxford weave which is a modification of plain weave. It is generally used for apparels.

Double knit is a knit fabric which is produced in circular knitting machine. Double knit fabric has loops on both sides.

So, there are a lots of weave design. The weave design is one of the arts in textile manufacturing. So, try to create new design.

How To Design Technical Textile Products?

Technical textile is the demand of modern times. It is known that, technical textile is the customer driven product. So, technical textile product is produced by the manufacturer to satisfy the customer demand. If we see then we will see that, the material which is used to produce technical textile that is mostly synthetic materials. In the developed country, the uses of technical textile are more than the undeveloped country.

Designing Sequence of Technical Textile: When technical textile is produced it is started by the order of specific buyer. Then functional requirement of that product is analyzed and design the product as the buyer requirement. Then, material is gathered for that’s product. Then, process is settled for producing the product. After completing the production, product is send to the quality control section to test the specific requirement. At last, product is delivered to the customer.

The sequence of technical textile designing is given below.

Expression of needs by the end user or customer

Functional requirements

Technical textile design

Material requirements

Performance evaluation

Testing specification

Checking of the accordance

Delivered to the end user

So, when you will try to produce a technical textile product, you should follow the above designing sequence of technical textile production.

Important Members Of The Over Edge Chain Stitch: Class 500 | Application Of Over Edge Chain Stitch

Over edge chain stitch is referred to as “over locking” and as the name implies. Neatening continuous seaming application is formed by this type of over edge chain stitch. It is widely used when at least one or more threads are passed around the fabric edge. They are generally used to seam and neaten the cut edge of the fabric plies. The thread is supplied from large cone for this reason it is possible to produce long stitch. For this reason production is high in this sewing operation.

Important Members Of The Over Edge Chain Stitch: Class 500: Followings are the important members of over edge chain stitch.

  1. Type 501: Single thread over edge.
  2. Type 503: 2 threads over edge.
  3. Type 504: 3 threads over edge.
  4. Type 512: 4 threads over edge.

Application Of Over Edge Chain Stitch: Over edge chain stitch is commonly used for sew knit wear fabrics. Where seam extensibility is required in stretch materials, in that’s case this type of stitching is useful.

  • Over edge chain stitch is used for joining and neatening the edges of cut and sews knitwear.
  • It is used for stitching underwear’s, sportswear, Lycra cycle, ski wear as well as dance wear garment products.
  • T-shirt, polo shirts, tights, children’s wear also stitched by this stitching type.
  • Sometimes it is used for decorative purpose.

Over edge chain stitch machine is used for stitching. Mainly this type of stitch gives a secure and durable stitch in the edge of the cut plies. It also gives smooth feelings in the edge of the garment.