Flax is the oldest fiber plant amongst all the fiber. It is an annual plant and the fiber is collected from the stew of the plant. Flax seeds are cultivated in a fertile, well-defined, and well prepared soil with a cool and humid condition. The process of collecting fiber from the plant is near similar to jute fiber. In present the demand of linen fiber is increased incredively for this reason the production rate of flax fiber increasing rapidly. In present Russia is the major flax cultivating country in the world but best quality flax is cultivated in Belgium. If we notice, major portion of linen fiber is supplied from the entire Europe.
Top Flax Growing Countries of the World: Linen fiber is used to produce linen fabric which is comfortable to wear. Flax is cultivated in different parts of the world. In every year, a survey is performed for determine the position of the flax growing country. This survey is done by different organizatation. By depending on the different reports, I have listed top flax producing countries of the world. This is a common chart. The position of the flax growing countries could be changed but most of the case they obtain the top position. Followings are the most flax growing countries. They are-
- UK (Ireland, Scotland, England)
Above are the major flax growing countries but some flax are grown in India, Pakistan, China and Africa.
Wool is an important textile fiber. It plays an important role in the world textile fiber trading. Various types of attractive and decorative textile products are produced from the wool fiber. Wool fiber is collected from the sheep. It is produced in the skin of the sheep. All the wool fibers are not same in characteristics. It varies on the sheep’s type. Among all of the wool fiber Marino wool fiber is best. In this regards, Australia is the best wool producing country in the world. It has a great demand in the wool trading market. New Zeland is the wool producing country which produces good quality wool fiber.
Top Wool Producing Countries of the World: Every year a list of top wool producing countries are published by the various research institutes. By analyzing different reports, I have found that the following wool producing countries are the best. In most of the reports they occupy the best place. This position could be changed but they are the best wool producing countries. Top wool fiber producing countries are-
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- Western Europe
So, when you will list down the wool producing country you will see the above name list of the country.
Cotton yarns are the most produced yarn of the world. Mainly cotton yarns are divided into three types as carded, combed and rotor yarn depending on the manufacturing techniques. There are various types of cotton yarns are produced by different spinning machine. Each having its own characteristics. These characteristics vary according to the construction and treatment given in the manufacture of the yarn.
Types of Cotton Yarn Produced in Spinning Mills: In spinning mill; various types of cotton yarns are produced from the cotton fiber. Followings are the most common cotton yarn types.
- Fly Yarn
- Cabled Yarn
- Doubled Yarn
- Novelty Yarn
- Slub Yarn
- Flake Yarn
- Spiral Yarn
- Ratine Yarn
- Loop or Curl Yarn
- Knot or Spot Yarn
- Chenille yarn
All of the above yarns are used in the knit or woven fabric manufacturing process.