Jute is a natural bast fiber. Jute fiber is spun for producing jute yarn. Various types of jute fabrics are made from jute yarn. We know that, jute fabric is classified as Sacking, Hessian and C.B.C. Jute fabrics are courser than cotton or other fabrics. For this reason it’s using are not so wide as compared to cotton or other fabrics. For this reason different types of attributes are added with jute fabric for make it user friendly. Now a day’s jute dyeing and jute printing becomes popular to the manufacturer.
The printed jute product which is presented here, it is produced in Star Jute Mills Limited which is an enterprise of Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation. They also produced all types of Sacking and Hessian jute products which maintain international quality standard.
Jute printing is the process of producing different types of attractive design to the jute fabric. I have described about the printing classification. Among the entire printing process block printing is popular for jute fabric printing.
Materials for jute fabric printing: During jute fabric printing following materials are used.
- Basic dyes
- Acetic acid
- Soft surface
- Jute fabric
We know that; basic dyes are usually hydro-chloride or salts of organic bases. Basic dyes are insoluble in water but it can be soluble in alcohol or methylated spirit. Its fastness properties are average to good. This is cheap in price and available in the market.
Jute fabrics are print by the basic dyes. Basic dyes printing are carried out in acidic medium. Jute printing can be run by the following recipe:
Basic dyes : 30gm/kg
Acetic acid : 50gm/kg
Thickeners (Starch 10%) : 700gm/kg
Water (+,-) : 220gm/kg
This recipe is a sample recipe but this amount could be changed. Anyhow, this recipe is calculated for making 1kg print paste.
Sequence of application: Basic dyes printing is carried out as the following sequence.
This is the basic process flow chart of jute printing with basic dyes. During printing process different caution is follow for avoiding printing faults. Before starting printing we should make a printing paste with standard recipe. Block should place in the right place. For a multiple color printing we have to print one by one by specific block. Printing place should be soft. After printing; steaming should be for fixing the dyes uniformly. Stemming also increase the stability of the printing paste. Drying is must after printing. Sometimes after treatment is carried out.
So, print your jute product with basic dyes and make different types of attractive design to attract the buyer.