Monthly Archives: February 2012

Defects In Apparel | Types And Causes of Defects In Apparel

Apparel manufacturing is the most sensitive stage because it is the last stage of manufacturing before marketing. The entire consumer wants to get a product which is free of any types of defects. For this reason manufacturers should be aware about the defects of product. In the every stage of manufacturing various types of mistakes can be occurred. So we should know the defects of garments, for which it occurs and its remedies.

Defects of apparel can be defined as the absence of desired features in the product or unwanted features in products or a features existing in distorted or wrong way. Defective product is not desired to any man. Defective products lose its value in the market. A product may contain different defect.

Another terms near to defect is called reject. Most of the people related to garments section is familiar to reject. A product becomes a reject when it loses its salability in the market. Rejection of garment is harmful for the manufacturers. A single defect in the most visible area of a garment may make it a reject.

Types of defects in apparel and its causes: Different types of accessories use in apparel manufacturing. Mainly two types of defects found in apparel. They are as follow:

  • Non sewing defects
  1. Defects due to faulty materials, like fabric, buttons, zipper etc.
  2. Defects due to wrong pattern, wrong marking.
  3. Defects due to wrong spreading, wrong cutting.
  4. Defects due to wrong bundling.
  5. Defects due to staining, oil marks.
  6. Defects due to wrong ironing, wrong folding.
  7. Defects due to wrong packing etc.
  • Sewing defects
  1. Skipped Stitch: Missing in loop formation and speed variation in feed dog is the main cause of these defects.
  2. Staggerd Stitch: This type of defect occurs for thin needle. If needle size and thread count are not matched and needle displaced then this defect also appear.
  3. Unbalanced Stitch: This type of defect appears due to un-uniform thread tension.
  4. Variable Stitch: If feed dog is not in right track then this type of defect occurs.
  5. Open Stitch: This type of defects occur due to blunt needle and poor strength of sewing thread.
  6. Needle mark: Needle is the main elements of sewing. When wrong stitching arises then this defect arises.

So, defects can be for one type of cause or both. Anyhow if we can control the cause of defects then we can control rejection of final products. Quality control department of the industry should give emphasis on it. In every steps of manufacturing, quality department should check the quality of the product. When any types of defect appear in the product they should take necessary steps to deduce the rate of defect.

We want a defect free product which can satisfy the consumer demand.

What is Pigments || Comparison between Dyes and Pigments

Pigments are the special type of dyeing or printing materials for wet processing technology. It is not so easy task to print or dye a material by pigments, because pigment is 100% water insoluble. So it needs to take special technique for pigment dyeing or printing. Generally pigment is use for printing.

Pigments can be define as a water insoluble coloring material mostly mineral origin have been used for coloration of metal, wood, stone and textile materials. Pigments have different types of chemical characteristics. Some examples of pigments are given bellow:

  1. Dioxazine
  2. Fluorubine
  3. Isoindoline
  4. Perylene perinone
  5. Pyrocoline
  6. Quinacridone
  7. ETC

Dyes and pigments are the main coloring materials. So we have to know about the comparison between dyes and pigments, which will give us a clear idea about this two.

Dyes Pigments
Generally organic materials are dyed or print Organic and inorganic both types are dyed or print
It is water soluble It is completely water insoluble
It contains auxo chrome in their chemical structure No auxo chrome contains in pigments
Color fastness generally average to excellent Color factness is average to good
Its application method is very easy Need binder for application
It is generally used for dyeing Generally used for printing
Dyes are expensive than pigments Pigments are generally inexpensive than dyes
Dyes have attraction for fibers They have no attraction for fibers
It applies selectively on textile materials All fibers can be color

In modern times pigment use to dyeing cotton fabric besides printing. Different types of pigment are supplied by different well known dye and pigment manufacturing companies.

Apparel Accessories | Definitions And Uses of Accessories In Apparel Manufacturing

Apparel manufacturing is combination of group work. Different section is related with this apparel manufacturing. We know that fabric is the basic materials for apparel manufacturing. Fabric may be woven or knitted. Woven fabrics are converted into Shirt, Pant, Coat, Skirt, Dresses, Jackets and others suitable apparel. Knitted fabrics are converted into T-Shirt, Polo-Shirt, Trouser, Sweater, Underwear, Skirt and others apparel. Mainly dyed or printed finished fabrics are cut for apparel manufacturing. Different designed fabrics are made in garments to fulfill the buyer requirements.

In apparel manufacturing; Accessories are the second important materials after fabric. Except fabric, the other materials which are used to make apparel are called accessories. Different types of accessories use in apparel manufacturing. Accessories are categorized as sewing accessories and finishing accessories. Sewing accessories are those which are use in sewing section. The accessories which are use in sewing section also called as trimmings. Finishing accessories are those which use in finishing section after sewing.

Sewing accessories and finishing accessories list; which is required for making a basic shirt:

  • Sewing Accessories
  1. Sewing thread
  2. Buttons
  3. Interlinings
  4. Labels
  5. Collar bone
  • Finishing Accessories
  1. Back board
  2. Neck board
  3. Plastic collar insert
  4. Butterfly
  5. Plastic clip
  6. Al pin
  7. Ball head pin
  8. Tissue paper
  9. Price ticket
  10. Hang tag
  11. Tag pin
  12. Poly bag

Sewing accessories and finishing accessories list; which is required for making a basic Pant/Trouser:

  • Sewing Accessories
  1. Sewing thread
  2. Button
  3. Zipper
  4. Interlining
  5. Labels
  6. Pocketing fabric
  7. Contrast
  8. Hook & eye
  • Finishing Accessories
  1. Tissue paper
  2. Al-pin
  3. Plastic clip with teeth
  4. Price ticket
  5. Hang tag
  6. Tag pin
  7. Jocker tag
  8. Poly bag
  9. Plastic hanger

Accessories play a vital role in garment manufacturing. Above listed accessories are for making a basic pant or shirt. It could be differ on the buyer’s requirement. If accessories are not suit with the finished cloth then all will be spoiled. So it needs to give deep concern on apparel manufacturing.

It needs to be care full in all the steps of apparel manufacturing. A single fault could be cause of rejection of garment. All the accessories which use for making a garment should be qualified for use. Quality control section should be careful during a garment manufacturing.

Different accessories manufacturing companies are trying their best for making qualified products. So we should choose better one for our apparel manufacturing.